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Specific grant awarded under the Framework Partnership Agreement on Space Surveillance and Tracking for Research and Innovation Action.

The standard evaluation criteria, thresholds, weighting for award criteria and the maximum rate of co-financing for this type of action are provided in parts D and H of the General Annexes.

The Decision No 541/2014/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 establishes a Framework for Space Surveillance and Tracking Support (OJ L 158 of 27 May 2014, p. 227–234).

The Consortium resulting from the implementation of the support framework for the emergence of an SST capacity at European level has established its own dedicated implementation structure in order to handle directly EU support to SST activities. It is therefore through this entity that support to SST under Horizon 2020 and other funding programmes is channelled[[In line with recital 24 of the Decision No 541/2014/EU, article 129 of the Financial Regulation (Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council) and article 193 of its Rules of Application (Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1268/2012) this action may be financed jointly from separate source programmes, namely Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council), the Copernicus programme (Regulation (EU) No 377/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council) and the European Satellite Navigation programmes (Regulation (EU) No 1285/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council).]]. Such new governance should lead to increased efficiency in management and lower administrative expenditure levels.

This action specifically aims (1) at supporting the pooling of national resources on the SST objectives outlined in the aforementioned Decision and coinciding with objectives and challenges of H2020 related to protecting Europe’s investment made in space infrastructure; and (2) at achieving significant economies of scale by joining related Horizon 2020 (LEIT/space and secure societies), European Satellite Navigation Programmes and Copernicus resources, in addition to the cumulative national investment of the Member States participating in the SST support framework, which largely exceeds the Union contribution through the aforementioned EU funding programmes.

Expected impact: To analyse, assess and undertake the necessary research, development and innovation activities for:

a)The establishment and operation of a sensor function consisting of a network of ground-based or space-based existing national sensors to survey and track space objects;

b)The establishment and operation of a processing function to process and analyse the SST data captured by the sensors, including the capacity to detect and identify space objects and to build and maintain a catalogue thereof;

c)The setting up and operation of a service function to provide SST services to spacecraft operators and public authorities.

Legal entity: Consortium resulting from the implementation of the SST support framework within the meaning of Article 7(3) of Decision No 541/2014/EU comprising bodies designated by participating Member States under their responsibility and the EU SATCEN.

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