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Framework programme


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Official Journal Reference

2005- of 2005-07-20

Legislative Reference

COM(2005) 330 final of 2005-07-20
To deliver stronger, lasting growth and create more and better jobs in order to unlock the resources needed to meet Europe's wider economic, social and environmental ambitions, thus making Europe a more attractive place to invest and work and improving knowledge and innovation for growth in Europe.
The revised Lisbon Strategy is based on the European Council resolution of 2000, in Lisbon, to turn the EU into the most competitive knowledge-based society by 2010. In 2005, the Council modified the strategy to focus primarily on creating growth and jobs.
The strategy is designed to help Europe address the challenges of an ageing population, the need to increase productivity and the competitive pressures of a globalised economy. Economic modernisation is at the heart of the strategy for growth and jobs, as a key to maintaining Europe's unique social model in the face of increasingly global markets, technological change, environmental concerns and demographic pressures.
To unlock existing resources in Europe, the following actions are needed:
- investing more in young people, education, research and innovation to generate wealth and provide security for every citizen;
- opening up markets;
- cutting red tape;
- investing in modern infrastructure to help enterprises grow, innovate and create jobs;
- developing a skilled entrepreneurial workforce;
- ensuring a society with high levels of employment, social protection and a healthy environment.


The Community Lisbon Programme, presented by the Commission as a counterpart to the national Lisbon programmes delivered by all Member States, proposes policy measures offering a clear value added because of action being undertaken or coordinated at Community level. This is particularly evident in Community policy areas related to the internal market, the improvement of infrastructure and the creation of better framework conditions for business. Much more stress must also be put on policies promoting knowledge, education and skills in order to strengthen EU competitiveness and sustainable growth while ensuring social and territorial cohesion.
The Community Lisbon Programme broadly focuses on three main areas of action:
- knowledge for innovation and growth;
- making Europe a more attractive place to invest and work;
- creating more and better jobs. Measures at Community level should concentrate on key actions and areas such as:
- supporting knowledge and innovation in Europe;
- reforming state aid policy;
- better regulation;
- developing the internal market for services;
- completing the Doha round of international trade negotiations;
- removing obstacles to mobility;
- developing a common approach to economic migration;
- managing the social consequences of economic restructuring.

Measures supported by the Structural and Cohesion Funds are also proposed to target investment in knowledge, innovation and research capacities, as well as improved education and vocational training.
A new rural development fund is intended to support growth and job generation in rural areas while also protecting natural resources. The fund will focus on forward looking investment in people, innovation, know-how and capital in the farm and forestry sectors, the take-up of ICT in rural areas and rural diversification for more and better jobs.
The alignment of cohesion and rural development policies with the Lisbon agenda is assisted by a set of Community Strategic Guidelines for 2007-2013.

Knowledge and innovation - engines of sustainable growth

The Strategy for Growth and Jobs considers knowledge and innovation as critical factors for Europe to preserve its international competitive advantage. The EU's best contribution to improving the research potential of Europe is to pool resources and ensure a competitive environment for research based on excellence.
The Community will complement national efforts to increase research investment to 3 % of GDP by stimulating, organising and exploiting all forms of EU-level cooperation in research, innovation and education with means from the Community budget.
A combination of Community regulation and Community funding will serve to promote technological innovation and attract people and capital into European research and innovative business.
By reforming the regulatory environment, especially in the area of state aid, the general conditions for innovation will be improved and jobs, growth and cohesion will be promoted.
A revision of the state aid framework will be intended to increase collaboration between research institutes and industry and may be extended to cover new provisions to support innovation, especially for SMEs.
Support for young innovative companies will also be facilitated, while measures favouring a supportive environment for innovation may also benefit from more flexible provisions.
Actions within the Lisbon Agenda include provisions made in the two main spending programmes for the period 2007-2013, the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) for Research, Technological development and Demonstration (RTD) activities and the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP).
Furthermore, the Trans-European network budget lines will support the practical application of RTD knowledge and innovation programmes. Environmental, energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies, which all have a significant potential, will be more strongly supported, in particular through the Environmental Technologies Action Plan.
Agreement on the Community patent also remains an important element of the EU's commitment to promote a knowledge-driven, innovative economy.

Making Europe a more attractive place to invest and work

The top priority will be the completion of the internal market and the improvement of the regulatory environment. The Commission's work to improve regulation will focus on three areas:
- new policy initiatives will all be subject to a solid impact assessment;
- screening proposals pending before the Council and the Parliament;
- simplification of existing legislation.
Completing the single market primarily implies making the internal market fully operational for services, providing effective and high quality services of general economic interest and implementing and consistently applying the rules for a full integration of financial markets.
Infrastructural developments will also be encouraged to help the single market work effectively. This will be assisted by the TEN transport budget line. In addition, Member States will be encouraged to begin work on 45 agreed quick start cross border projects for transport, energy and broadband networks, R & D and innovation.
Furthermore, the Commission will drive forward its Strategy for the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Third (non-EU) Countries in order to halt the increase in counterfeiting and piracy.

Creating more and better jobs
In order to achieve the Lisbon goal of full employment, better quality and better productivity at work, Europe must attract more people to remain in employment, increase labour supply, modernise social protection systems, improve the ability of workers and enterprises and increase investment in human capital through better education and skills.
The Social Agenda is a key instrument in this context that will help to manage the social consequences of economic restructuring.
The aim is to help those affected by to master the changes and turn them into new opportunities while providing adequate security and safety nets. A fund to help regions most affected by economic restructuring is to be established.
Geographical and occupational mobility is to be facilitated by removing all remaining obstacles to labour mobility and by proposing a European Qualifications Framework. This should support the recognition of qualifications and competences by creating the conditions for transparency and mutual trust.
Recognising that economic migration is necessary to maintain Europe's economic dynamics, the Commission will work towards a common framework for managing economic migration at EU level.
At the same time, human resources at home are supported in order to raise employment and strengthen social cohesion. The Community supports and supplements national efforts in the areas of human capital, education and vocational training and complements existing activities of the European Social Fund with a proposed Lifelong Learning Programme.
The Commission also intends to support universities and other providers of tertiary education in their efforts to help the Union meet the Lisbon goals, by mobilising all sources of EU funding for their modernisation and by strengthening cooperation under the Education and Training 2010 programme to complement the Bologna process.
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