FP7-JRC - Specific Programme carried out by means of direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme
To establish the activities for the non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre, providing customer driven scientific and technical support to the European Union policy making process, ensuring support to the implementation and monitoring of existing policies and responding to new policy demands.
The Joint Research Centre's independence of special interests, whether private or national, combined with its technical expertise enable it to facilitate communication and consensus-building between stakeholders and policy makers. The JRC will reinforce its customer-driven orientation, and its strong networking with the scientific community, in the specific context of growth, sustainable development and security by:
- flexibly responding to the developing needs and requirements of the European Union policy makers; - focussing attention on issues which are important in terms of societal concern, which have a research component and which have a dominant European Community dimension; - developing partnerships with research centres, universities, industry, public authorities, regulatory bodies in the Member States, as well as with third countries and international bodies; - reinforcing its competencies and facilities; focussing its resources to respond to the 'Science and Technology' (S&T) challenges, organising its activities around the main policy areas and establishing synergies with other sources of scientific and technical support available in the Member States. The JRC will further enhance this capacity by collaborating with EU Agencies, other EU Institutions and authorities in the Member States; - increasing transparency when setting research priorities, by making the criteria publicly available.
An integrated approach to the provision of scientific and technical support to policies represents a key feature of this Specific Programme.The JRC will strive to make its participation in direct actions of the Seventh Framework Programme complementary.
The JRC will strengthen its position in the European Research Area (ERA), by facilitating access to its resources by European and non-European researchers, including early stage scientists. It will increase the co-operation with other public and private research organisations, consistently improve the scientific quality of its own activities and contribute more scientifically to training, which will remain a high priority for the JRC. Dissemination of knowledge among the various stakeholders involved in this process will represent a key feature of the approach and efforts will be made to increase the involvement of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in research activities. Activities will also support the implementation and monitoring of legislation, and will be aimed at the dissemination of best practises in the EU's 25 Member States, Candidate and neighbouring countries.
The JRC's actions will support the Commission's evidence-based policy-making initiatives. The global and international dimension of the JRC's work will be further developed throughout the duration of the Seventh Framework Programme, in order to allow them to meet the new demands of Community external relations and security-related policies.
A specific part of the JRC's resources is devoted to exploratory research, to develop new knowledge and new competencies.
Please visit the CORDIS site (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/find-doc_en.html) to download the following legal documents: - DECISION No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007-2013). - Corrigendum to Council Decision 2006/975/EC of 19 December 2006 concerning the Specific Programme to be carried out by means of direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013).
The following information was based on the official information available at the time of writing. Priorities and activities may change.
For the very latest information please consult the work programmes available with the appropriate call at:
The JRC's activities will be split into four 'Policy Themes', which are subdivided into separate agenda:
- Prosperity in a knowledge-intensive society
Agenda 1. Competitiveness and innovation
The pursuit of the development of
advanced econometric modelling and sensitivity analysis techniques in a wide range of policy fields, short-term analysis of financial
and business cycles and the assessment of the composite indicators developed. The Lisbon agenda for growth and jobs will be supported by
direct quantitative socio-economic analysis in policy areas like macro-economic stability and growth, financial services, aspects of
competitiveness and lifelong learning.
Agenda 2. European Research Area
Direct contribution to the European Research Area (ERA) by
increasing its scientific networking, training and mobility of researchers, access to research infrastructures and collaborative research. It will
participate in 'European technology platforms', 'Joint technology initiatives' and 'Article 169 actions' where relevant, and will provide evidence-based
research policy-making at both Community and Member States' level. Special attention will be paid to involving partners in new Member States and
Agenda 3. Energy and transport
Focus of the JRC's energy activities on a smooth transition to less carbon intensive
and renewable sources and carriers of energy, increased efficiency of energy systems and improved safety and security of energy supply. The objectives
of the JRC are to provide a sustainable energy reference system feeding Community policy needs with expertise on technological innovation and
evolution and to act as a reference centre for pre-normative performance verification and certification of selected technologies.
contribute to the development of sustainable transport in Europe by focusing on the environment with research on emission control and related
impacts on ecosystems, the techno-economic dimension with research on improved fuels and engines and alternative vehicle concepts, as well as
the social dimension.
Agenda 4. Information Society
Support for the formulation of Information Society Technology (IST) policies and
instruments contributing to a competitive European knowledge society, by generating prospective analyses and strategies. Convergence applications
will be pursued in the area of health, security and environment.
Agenda 5. Life Sciences and bio-technology
Implementation of studies on
the socio-economic impact of selected applications of bio-technology and life sciences. With an integrated effort in nano-bio-technology, and physics,
biology and chemistry applied to detection techniques, it will contribute to the development of new strategies and technologies for environment and
health monitoring, food and feed-chain control and security.
- Solidarity and responsible management of resources
Agenda 1. Rural
development, agriculture and fisheries
Support for European policies as regards rural development, agriculture and fisheries with its research
activities covering production, environmental and consumer aspects of sustainability. It aims to become a recognised science and technology reference
centre, focusing on food quality, traceability and safety, spatial management and cross-compliance.
Agenda 2. Natural resources
in the drive towards a holistic approach related to global environmental and resources monitoring and analysing impacts and pressures, which aims to
develop integrated concepts for sustainable development. It will pay attention to the provision of harmonised European geo-referenced data and sharing
of spatial information. The development of Global monitoring for environment and security (GMES) will be supported by playing an important role in its
Agenda 3. Environment and health
Support for the implementation of the EU 'Action Plan on environment and health' by
providing backing for on-going activities aiming to establish a Community integrated environment and health information system.
Agenda 4. Climate
Adaptation to climate change has become imperative and the JRC will continue to collect and assess data related to climate impacts on
various vulnerable sectors of the European economy. These include agriculture, forestry, water resources and natural hazards. The incidence at European
level of floods, droughts, forest fires, storms, deterioration of air quality and coastal and marine processes will be emphasised.
%l - Freedom,
security and justice
%l Agenda 1. Internal Security
Co-operation with relevant bodies, in order to develop activities contributing to the
establishment of an area of freedom, security and justice. The focus will be on applying information technologies and systems analysis competencies
to the protection of citizens and critical infrastructures against terrorism, organised crime and fraud, as well as to migration and border management.
Agenda 2. Disasters and response
Contribution towards the improvement of Community response capacity and crisis management, in terms of rapid
response, monitoring and damage assessment. It will focus on the development of early warning and alert systems, drawing upon models, earth observation
technologies and measurement networks, for a variety of situations across Europe.
Agenda 3. Food and feed safety and quality
validation of methods and harmonised procedures for a broad range of food and feed types. It will reinforce its ability to deal with food and feed crises,
while attention will be paid to a close co-operation with the 'European Food Safety Authority'.
- Europe as a world partner
Agenda 1. Global
The JRC will enhance its support for Community reconstruction and humanitarian aid programmes through novel technologies that will serve
several levels of intervention, in order to address the identification of forgotten crisis, early warning of potential crisis and post-crisis damage
Agenda 2. Development support
An 'Observatory for sustainable development and environment' will initially be established in Africa,
Caribbean and Pacific countries. Environmental diagnostics, country profiles and cross-policy interactions will be the three components served by the
information gathering and communication system lying at the heart of the observatory.
The Community will undertake activities implemented by the JRC, which are referred to as 'direct actions'. For this purpose, the multi-annual work
programme of the JRC for the period 200713 are in line with the Commission policy agenda. The programme serves the objectives of growth, sustainable
development and security through a series of actions dedicated to the development and provision of scientific and technical support to the relevant policy
This will secure the best match between the JRC agenda and the priority policy needs. This multi-annual work programme provides a general
description of the line of work and accompanying actions, which will be undertaken during the Seventh Framework Programme period. It also gives a first
estimate of the resource envelope, which will be allocated to each of the 21 'policy agendas' in the EC part of the programme.
The multi-annual work programme is complemented before the beginning of each year by an annual work programme, which details the actions to be undertaken
by the JRC for that year. These actions are described in terms of objectives, deliverables and resources (staff and resource) and associated resource table.
Those actions are reviewed annually in order to review progress and determine the need for resources for the following year. These annual adjustments
bring to the programme an element of flexibility, since they are fully discussed with the EC 'high level users group' and the 'Board of Governors' before
implementation. The JRC will also continue to participate in framework programme 'indirect actions', on the same basis as entities established in the Member
States. Collaboration with national public and private research institutes, academia, industry, and international bodies, contributes to acquiring and
transferring expertise and know-how. Participation in 'indirect actions' is indeed an important tool for networking with the research community and for
staying on top of the latest scientific developments. A key criterion for the design and finalisation of a significant part of the activities of JRC was
the complementarity with national R&D activities. Therefore, the JRC has been involved in the European Research Area (ERA). The JRC research programmes have
always had a strong European dimension with a tradition of networking and strong international involvement.
The European Commission is strongly supporting
the Western Balkan countries through 'Stabilisation and association agreements'. Moreover, the European Union has launched in 2004 the European
Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), with the objective of avoiding the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and its neighbours and instead
strengthening stability, security and wellbeing for all concerned citizens. Against this background, and based on the positive results of the Sixth
Framework Programme,Seveth Framework Programme a specific 'Enlargement and integration action' (E&IA) aiming at supportingand assisting the effort of
the present and potential Candidate Countries and, in aligning to the acquis communautaire and European standards, whereas JRC has relevant S&T competence.
In order to support the enlargement process, the JRC continues to pay particular attention to the participation of Candidate Countries as it did previously
with the new Member States in its international collaboration efforts, as well as in its training programme. It concerns mainly (but not only) the
- Enlargement and integration projects;
- Advanced and training workshops;
- Temporary positions for visiting staff;
- Dissemination action.
The broad activities envisaged will include:
- identification and protection of research results from the JRC workprogramme, promoting the transfer of promising JRC technologies through licensing;
- collaborative R&D with industry participation fostering entrepreneurship among JRC researchers and promotion of spin off creation based on JRC technologies.
To increase integration in the execution of the JRC work-programme, seven priority areas have been identified. These are groupings of actions, which are related in terms
of theme of study, scientific support fields, required experimental facilities and overall expertise. These groups of actions require similar competences and contribute to same overall policy area.
The institute directors are assuming the tasks of 'Priority area coordinators' (PACs). The PACs will take the lead in the development of their respective priority area with a focus on integration of
the relevant actions with respect to strategy, contents and development of competences. Where applicable, the PACs will also stimulate and monitor the delivery of products to the customers.The PACs
are delegated by the DG to coordinate strategic planning and integration of action implementation in their priority area. They also carry out forward
analyses and anticipation not limited to existing actions. The advantage of proceeding along such line is to take maximum benefit of the multidisciplinary
nature of the JRC and offer an integrated and coherent service to the policy DG services.
Please visit the CORDIS site (http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/find-doc_en.html) to download the following legal documents: - DECISION No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh