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FP7-JRC - Specific Programme carried out by means of direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme

To establish the activities for the non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre, providing customer driven scientific and technical support to the European Union policy making process, ensuring support to the implementation and monitoring of existing policies and responding to new policy demands.


The Joint Research Centre's independence of special interests, whether private or national, combined with its technical expertise enable it to facilitate communication and consensus-building between stakeholders and policy makers. The JRC will reinforce its customer-driven orientation, and its strong networking with the scientific community, in the specific context of growth, sustainable development and security by:

- flexibly responding to the developing needs and requirements of the European Union policy makers;
- focussing attention on issues which are important in terms of societal concern, which have a research component and which have a dominant European Community dimension;
- developing partnerships with research centres, universities, industry, public authorities, regulatory bodies in the Member States, as well as with third countries and international bodies;
- reinforcing its competencies and facilities;
focussing its resources to respond to the 'Science and Technology' (S&T) challenges, organising its activities around the main policy areas and establishing synergies with other sources of scientific and technical support available in the Member States. The JRC will further enhance this capacity by collaborating with EU Agencies, other EU Institutions and authorities in the Member States;
- increasing transparency when setting research priorities, by making the criteria publicly available.

An integrated approach to the provision of scientific and technical support to policies represents a key feature of this Specific Programme.The JRC will strive to make its participation in direct actions of the Seventh Framework Programme complementary.

The JRC will strengthen its position in the European Research Area (ERA), by facilitating access to its resources by European and non-European researchers, including early stage scientists. It will increase the co-operation with other public and private research organisations, consistently improve the scientific quality of its own activities and contribute more scientifically to training, which will remain a high priority for the JRC.
Dissemination of knowledge among the various stakeholders involved in this process will represent a key feature of the approach and efforts will be made to increase the involvement of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in research activities. Activities will also support the implementation and monitoring of legislation, and will be aimed at the dissemination of best practises in the EU's 25 Member States, Candidate and neighbouring countries.

The JRC's actions will support the Commission's evidence-based policy-making initiatives. The global and international dimension of the JRC's work will be further developed throughout the duration of the Seventh Framework Programme, in order to allow them to meet the new demands of Community external relations and security-related policies.

A specific part of the JRC's resources is devoted to exploratory research, to develop new knowledge and new competencies.

Please visit the CORDIS site ( to download the following legal documents:
- DECISION No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007-2013).
- Corrigendum to Council Decision 2006/975/EC of 19 December 2006 concerning the Specific Programme to be carried out by means of direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013).


The following information was based on the official information available at the time of writing. Priorities and activities may change. For the very latest information please consult the work programmes available with the appropriate call at: The JRC's activities will be split into four 'Policy Themes', which are subdivided into separate agenda: - Prosperity in a knowledge-intensive society Agenda 1. Competitiveness and innovation The pursuit of the development of advanced econometric modelling and sensitivity analysis techniques in a wide range of policy fields, short-term analysis of financial and business cycles and the assessment of the composite indicators developed. The Lisbon agenda for growth and jobs will be supported by direct quantitative socio-economic analysis in policy areas like macro-economic stability and growth, financial services, aspects of competitiveness and lifelong learning. Agenda 2. European Research Area Direct contribution to the European Research Area (ERA) by increasing its scientific networking, training and mobility of researchers, access to research infrastructures and collaborative research. It will participate in 'European technology platforms', 'Joint technology initiatives' and 'Article 169 actions' where relevant, and will provide evidence-based research policy-making at both Community and Member States' level. Special attention will be paid to involving partners in new Member States and Candidate countries. Agenda 3. Energy and transport Focus of the JRC's energy activities on a smooth transition to less carbon intensive and renewable sources and carriers of energy, increased efficiency of energy systems and improved safety and security of energy supply. The objectives of the JRC are to provide a sustainable energy reference system feeding Community policy needs with expertise on technological innovation and evolution and to act as a reference centre for pre-normative performance verification and certification of selected technologies. It will contribute to the development of sustainable transport in Europe by focusing on the environment with research on emission control and related impacts on ecosystems, the techno-economic dimension with research on improved fuels and engines and alternative vehicle concepts, as well as the social dimension. Agenda 4. Information Society Support for the formulation of Information Society Technology (IST) policies and instruments contributing to a competitive European knowledge society, by generating prospective analyses and strategies. Convergence applications will be pursued in the area of health, security and environment. Agenda 5. Life Sciences and bio-technology Implementation of studies on the socio-economic impact of selected applications of bio-technology and life sciences. With an integrated effort in nano-bio-technology, and physics, biology and chemistry applied to detection techniques, it will contribute to the development of new strategies and technologies for environment and health monitoring, food and feed-chain control and security. - Solidarity and responsible management of resources Agenda 1. Rural development, agriculture and fisheries Support for European policies as regards rural development, agriculture and fisheries with its research activities covering production, environmental and consumer aspects of sustainability. It aims to become a recognised science and technology reference centre, focusing on food quality, traceability and safety, spatial management and cross-compliance. Agenda 2. Natural resources Participating in the drive towards a holistic approach related to global environmental and resources monitoring and analysing impacts and pressures, which aims to develop integrated concepts for sustainable development. It will pay attention to the provision of harmonised European geo-referenced data and sharing of spatial information. The development of Global monitoring for environment and security (GMES) will be supported by playing an important role in its research activities. Agenda 3. Environment and health Support for the implementation of the EU 'Action Plan on environment and health' by providing backing for on-going activities aiming to establish a Community integrated environment and health information system. Agenda 4. Climate change Adaptation to climate change has become imperative and the JRC will continue to collect and assess data related to climate impacts on various vulnerable sectors of the European economy. These include agriculture, forestry, water resources and natural hazards. The incidence at European level of floods, droughts, forest fires, storms, deterioration of air quality and coastal and marine processes will be emphasised. %l - Freedom, security and justice %l Agenda 1. Internal Security Co-operation with relevant bodies, in order to develop activities contributing to the establishment of an area of freedom, security and justice. The focus will be on applying information technologies and systems analysis competencies to the protection of citizens and critical infrastructures against terrorism, organised crime and fraud, as well as to migration and border management. Agenda 2. Disasters and response Contribution towards the improvement of Community response capacity and crisis management, in terms of rapid response, monitoring and damage assessment. It will focus on the development of early warning and alert systems, drawing upon models, earth observation technologies and measurement networks, for a variety of situations across Europe. Agenda 3. Food and feed safety and quality Provision of validation of methods and harmonised procedures for a broad range of food and feed types. It will reinforce its ability to deal with food and feed crises, while attention will be paid to a close co-operation with the 'European Food Safety Authority'. - Europe as a world partner Agenda 1. Global security The JRC will enhance its support for Community reconstruction and humanitarian aid programmes through novel technologies that will serve several levels of intervention, in order to address the identification of forgotten crisis, early warning of potential crisis and post-crisis damage assessment. Agenda 2. Development support An 'Observatory for sustainable development and environment' will initially be established in Africa, Caribbean and Pacific countries. Environmental diagnostics, country profiles and cross-policy interactions will be the three components served by the information gathering and communication system lying at the heart of the observatory.


The Community will undertake activities implemented by the JRC, which are referred to as 'direct actions'. For this purpose, the multi-annual work programme of the JRC for the period 2007­13 are in line with the Commission policy agenda. The programme serves the objectives of growth, sustainable development and security through a series of actions dedicated to the development and provision of scientific and technical support to the relevant policy items. This will secure the best match between the JRC agenda and the priority policy needs. This multi-annual work programme provides a general description of the line of work and accompanying actions, which will be undertaken during the Seventh Framework Programme period. It also gives a first estimate of the resource envelope, which will be allocated to each of the 21 'policy agendas' in the EC part of the programme. The multi-annual work programme is complemented before the beginning of each year by an annual work programme, which details the actions to be undertaken by the JRC for that year. These actions are described in terms of objectives, deliverables and resources (staff and resource) and associated resource table. Those actions are reviewed annually in order to review progress and determine the need for resources for the following year. These annual adjustments bring to the programme an element of flexibility, since they are fully discussed with the EC 'high level users group' and the 'Board of Governors' before implementation. The JRC will also continue to participate in framework programme 'indirect actions', on the same basis as entities established in the Member States. Collaboration with national public and private research institutes, academia, industry, and international bodies, contributes to acquiring and transferring expertise and know-how. Participation in 'indirect actions' is indeed an important tool for networking with the research community and for staying on top of the latest scientific developments. A key criterion for the design and finalisation of a significant part of the activities of JRC was the complementarity with national R&D activities. Therefore, the JRC has been involved in the European Research Area (ERA). The JRC research programmes have always had a strong European dimension with a tradition of networking and strong international involvement. The European Commission is strongly supporting the Western Balkan countries through 'Stabilisation and association agreements'. Moreover, the European Union has launched in 2004 the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), with the objective of avoiding the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and its neighbours and instead strengthening stability, security and well­being for all concerned citizens. Against this background, and based on the positive results of the Sixth Framework Programme,Seveth Framework Programme a specific 'Enlargement and integration action' (E&IA) aiming at supportingand assisting the effort of the present and potential Candidate Countries and, in aligning to the acquis communautaire and European standards, whereas JRC has relevant S&T competence. In order to support the enlargement process, the JRC continues to pay particular attention to the participation of Candidate Countries as it did previously with the new Member States in its international collaboration efforts, as well as in its training programme. It concerns mainly (but not only) the following fields: - Enlargement and integration projects; - Advanced and training workshops; - Temporary positions for visiting staff; - Dissemination action. The broad activities envisaged will include: - identification and protection of research results from the JRC work­programme, promoting the transfer of promising JRC technologies through licensing; - collaborative R&D with industry participation fostering entrepreneurship among JRC researchers and promotion of spin ­off creation based on JRC technologies. To increase integration in the execution of the JRC work-programme, seven priority areas have been identified. These are groupings of actions, which are related in terms of theme of study, scientific support fields, required experimental facilities and overall expertise. These groups of actions require similar competences and contribute to same overall policy area. The institute directors are assuming the tasks of 'Priority area coordinators' (PACs). The PACs will take the lead in the development of their respective priority area with a focus on integration of the relevant actions with respect to strategy, contents and development of competences. Where applicable, the PACs will also stimulate and monitor the delivery of products to the customers.The PACs are delegated by the DG to coordinate strategic planning and integration of action implementation in their priority area. They also carry out forward analyses and anticipation not limited to existing actions. The advantage of proceeding along such line is to take maximum benefit of the multidisciplinary nature of the JRC and offer an integrated and coherent service to the policy DG services.


Please visit the CORDIS site ( to download the following legal documents: - DECISION No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh



1 January 2007


31 December 2013

Framework programme:


Previous programme:


Programme funding:

€ 1751 million

Official Journal reference:

L 54/126 of 2007-02-22

Legislative reference:

2006/975/EC of 2006-12-19