Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Framework programme


Previous programme


Successor programme


Programme funding

EUR 46,5 million

Official Journal Reference

L 3 of 1984-01-05

Legislative Reference

of 1983-12-22
To enhance the safety of commercial exploitation of nuclear fusion energy under the JET, NET and DEMO projects in respect of the predesign and structural materials of NET, the development of a suitable new material for DEMO, tritium breeding blanket technology and accident and environmental risk assessment.


Part of the first Framework Programme (1984-1987) under sub-activity 5.2: "Fusion".

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) has been involved since 1973 in research on fusion technology. Recent JRC studies have focused on the safety of future fusion power stations, including tritium handling.

Three steps are envisaged before the commercial exploitation of fusion energy:
- JET (Joint European Torus):
To establish the scientific feasibility of commercially exploitable fusion. Magnetic confinement is a major research field. The main experimental facility is at Culham in the UK, but complementary studies are carried out in other national laboratories;
- NET (Next European Torus):
To establish the technological and engineering feasibility of commercially exploitable fusion. Contact is maintained through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with the similar ITER project;
The construction of a demonstration fusion reactor, DEMO, is scheduled to follow NET.


Five areas:
- Reactors;
- Breeding blanket technology;
- Structural materials:
- Risk assessment;
- Tritium laboratory:
The European Tritium Handling Experimental Laboratory (ETHEL) at the Ispra establishment of the JRC will investigate the safety aspects of tritium technology.


The Commission, assisted by the board of governors of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), was responsible for carrying out the programme, which was executed in the Ispra establishment of the JRC.

Information was disseminated in accordance with Council Regulation (EEC) No 2380/74 of 17 September 1974 (Official Journal No L 255 of 20.9.1974), adopting provisions for the dissemination of information relating to research programmes for the European Economic Community.

The Commission prepared annual reports for the Council and the European Parliament on the execution of the programme. It was also to submit a critical independent analysis before proposing a further four-year programme.


Nuclear Fusion - Safety
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