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Global assessment of grapevine microbiome function to promote sustainable vineyard management

Descripción del proyecto

Identificación de funciones sostenibles del microbioma de la vid a escala mundial

La sostenibilidad es un objetivo importante para la industria agrícola europea. La viticultura cubre grandes superficies de tierra y representa una importante fuente de ingresos para las economías locales. Dados los efectos de la agricultura intensiva, ahora debemos trabajar para restaurar la biodiversidad y la función de los ecosistemas al tiempo que aumentamos el margen de beneficios para los productores. En el marco de las Acciones Marie Skłodowska-Curie, el proyecto FUNVINE tiene dos objetivos principales. El primero es identificar e investigar el microbioma funcional de las raíces y hojas de vid de todo el mundo. El segundo consiste en identificar la capacidad del microbioma para beneficiar a los productores y los hábitats. El trabajo de FUNVINE mostrará que los mecanismos de los microbiomas de la vid en diferentes gradientes ambientales, regiones y variedades responden a muchos de los mayores desafíos para los sistemas vitivinícolas productivos y sostenibles de todo el mundo.

Objetivo

Vineyards are integral to supporting the ecology and economy for a sustainable society, as they cover a large portion of land worldwide, and represent an important source of income for local economies. The intensification of viticulture including the excessive use of plowing and agrochemicals has resulted in eroded and biologically impoverished vineyards with associated negative consequences for growers and the environment. Given these challenges, we must now work to restore sustainable biodiversity and ecosystem function while increasing the margin of benefits for growers. An important step in this process is to investigate the functional microbiome associated with grapevine roots and leaves because it controls key processes such as pathogenesis, symbiosis and nutrient cycling. To do so, a global collaborative research network has begun to identify the members of the grapevine microbiome (bacteria, fungi and micro-fauna); the proposed research project (FUNVINE) would complement microbial community analyses by simultaneously characterizing the microbial functional attributes of grapevines worldwide using advanced shotgun metagenomic approaches. FUNVINE will include two major research components to improve our knowledge to help achieve sustainability in vineyard management; 1) global-scale functional profiling of the grapevine microbiome, and 2) manipulative experimentation to identify the impacts of environmental change on grapevine-microbiome interactions. These research objectives will expand global knowledge of the microbial mechanisms that benefit or inhibit grapevines across environmental gradients, including under a major climate change-driven stressor -- drought. Overall, the FUNVINE project will reveal for the first time, the mechanisms of the grapevine microbiome across regions, environmental gradients, and grape varieties, thus providing answers to many of the greatest challenges to healthy, productive, and sustainable viticulture systems worldwide.

Régimen de financiación

MSCA-PF - MSCA-PF

Coordinador

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 181 152,96
Dirección
CALLE SERRANO 117
28006 Madrid
España

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Comunidad de Madrid Comunidad de Madrid Madrid
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