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Space-borne observations for detecting and forecasting sea ice cover extremes

Objective

The main objective of this proposal is to develop new methods to retrieve sea ice parameters from existing (and imminent) satellite sensors to provide enhanced products for polar operators and prediction systems, specifically addressing extreme and unexpected conditions.
Automatic remote sensing products traditionally provide general information on sea ice conditions such as ice extent and concentration. However, for ice charting, tactical navigation and management of off-shore activities much more important is to know and avoid hazardous sea ice conditions. In general, sea ice hazards are related to sea ice thickness. More often than not polar ships and off-shore platforms are only operating during summer seasons and certain regions. This is because they are designed to resist typical forces of induced by pack ice, but they are not designed to resist the extreme sea ice conditions.

Ongoing climate warming has manifested as shrinking and thinning of pack ice in the Arctic. This is a primary driver for the increasing shipping, oil and gas explorations and mining activities in the Arctic. However, severe sea ice conditions still exist and in consequence many locations are impossible for ship based operations. Moreover, year-to-year variability of sea ice is very large and hazardous multiyear ice (MYI) floes sometimes appear also in typically seasonally ice free regions.

In order to response needs of increase polar activities, we propose to focus on detection of sea ice extremes and automatic production of “sea ice warnings” products. In particular, we aim for a detection of MYI floes in a area composed mostly first-year ice from synthetic aperture radar (SAR), heavily ridged ice regions from SAR, the thickest ice from radar altimeter (RA) thickness profiles, regional anomalies of thick or thin ice via passive microwave (PMW) data, sea ice areas vulnerable for the wave action, detection of early/late melting season and improving capabilities to forecast seasonal sea ice extremes.

Coordinator

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS
Net EU contribution
€ 297 500,00
Address
Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
00560 Helsinki
Finland

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Region
Manner-Suomi Helsinki-Uusimaa Helsinki-Uusimaa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00

Participants (13)

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR MILJOOG FJERNMALING
Norway
Net EU contribution
€ 257 193,00
Address
Jahnebakken 3
5007 Bergen

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Region
Norge Vestlandet Vestland
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,75
METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT
Norway
Net EU contribution
€ 199 235,00
Address
Henrik Mohns Plass 1
0313 Oslo

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Region
Norge Oslo og Viken Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
DANMARKS METEOROLOGISKE INSTITUT
Denmark
Net EU contribution
€ 248 750,00
Address
Lyngbyvej 100
2100 Kobenhavn

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Region
Danmark Hovedstaden Byen København
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Denmark
Net EU contribution
€ 242 750,00
Address
Anker Engelundsvej 1 Bygning 101 A
2800 Kgs Lyngby

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Region
Danmark Hovedstaden Københavns omegn
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITA POLITECNICA DELLE MARCHE
Italy
Net EU contribution
€ 187 500,00
Address
Piazza Roma 22
60121 Ancona

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Region
Centro (IT) Marche Ancona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00
EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS
United Kingdom
Net EU contribution
€ 256 250,00
Address
Shinfield Park
RG2 9AX Reading

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Region
South East (England) Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire Berkshire
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 245 375,00
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg

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Region
Hamburg Hamburg Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 245 375,00
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen

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Region
Bremen Bremen Bremen, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00
ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 245 375,00
Address
Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven

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Region
Bremen Bremen Bremerhaven, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 245 375,00
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Munchen

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Region
Bayern Oberbayern München, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER
France
Net EU contribution
€ 162 500,00
Address
1625 Route De Sainte Anne Zone Industrielle De La Pointe Du Diable
29280 Plouzane

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Region
Bretagne Bretagne Finistère
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
Net EU contribution
€ 93 750,00
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma

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Region
Centro (IT) Lazio Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Other funding
€ 0,00
ISTANBUL TEKNIK UNIVERSITESI
Türkiye
Net EU contribution
€ 68 750,00
Address
Ayazaga Kampusu
34469 Maslak Istanbul

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Region
İstanbul İstanbul İstanbul
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00