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Contenuto archiviato il 2024-04-15

ENVIRONMENT - OPTIMAL CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE ON MULTINATIONAL LEVEL.

Obiettivo

IN THE CONTEXT OF THE "ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT" PROBLEMATIC THE ENERGY SUPPLY MODEL EFOM 12C WILL BE EXTENDED TO ALLOW ADEQUATE STUDIES IN THIS FIELD. A GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EXTENDED MODEL WILL BE SET UP BY IKE, IIP AND STE. THIS GROUP WILL ALSO RUN A PILOT STUDY WITH THE GERMAN ENERGY SYSTEM TO DEMONSTRATE THE USEFULNESS OF THE EXTENDED MODEL.

THE PRESENT CONTRACT DEALS WITH THE APPLICATION OF THE MODEL FOR INVESTIGATIONS ON MULTINATIONAL LEVEL. TO PERFORM SUCH CASE STUDIES A COLLABORATION HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED BETWEEN INSTITUTIONS IN 7 EC COUNTRIES (IKE UNIVERSITY STUTTGART, IIP UNIVERSITY KARLRUHE, STE KFA JULICH, QMC UNIVERSITY LONDON, CER CAMBRIDGE, CORE UNIVERSITY LOUVAIN, ESC ECN PETTEN, ENEA ITALY, CITEPA FRANCE, RISO NATIONAL LABORATORY). THE UPDATING OF THE DATA BASE FOR THE DUTCH ENERGY SYSTEM AND THE MODEL RUNS FOR THE NETHERLANDS WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY ECN ACCORDING TO GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS IN ORDER TO GET A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE OF THE ENERGY-ENVIRONMENT PROBLEM.

AS A RESULT OF THE RAPID INCREASE IN FOREST DAMAGES IN MID-EUROPE, THE NEED FOR THE REDUCTION OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM ENERGY CONVERSION AND ENERGY-END-USE TECHNOLOGIES BECAME AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL OBJECTIVE.

AIR POLLUTIONS ARE DISTRIBUTED OVER LARGE DISTANCES PARTLY OVER SEVERAL THOUSAND KILOMETRES CROSSING SEVERAL BORDERS. ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ARE BURDENED BY THE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES. THIS EXPLAINS THE REASON WHY ANY MEASURES TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES CAN ONLY BE EFFECTIVE IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT.

DUE TO THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM, ITS NUMEROUS INTERRELATIONS AND THE LARGE NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MEASURES, WHICH IN PRINCIPLE ARE AVAILABLE TO REDUCE THE AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS, THE ANALYSIS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF EFFICIENT EMISSIONS REDUCTION STRATEGIES REQUIRE AN ADEQUATE METHODOLOGICAL INSTRUMENT. THE EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING EFOM 12C MODEL THAT DESCRIBES THE ENERGY SYSTEMS IN THE DIFFERENT EC COUNTRIES IN A VERY DETAILED FORM SEEMS TO BE A PROMISING STARTING POINT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS :

-THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS.
-IMPACT OF FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND OF A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF THE MARKET SHARE FOR SOLID FUELS.
-EFFECT OF EMISSION REDUCTION MEASURES AND POLICIES.
-COST-OPTIMAL EMISSION REDUCTION STRATEGIES.
-WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE FOLLOW-UP PRODUCTS.
-CONTRIBUTION OF INTERREGIONAL MEASURES.

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Meccanismo di finanziamento

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinatore

ENERGY RESEARCH CENTRE OF THE NETHERLANDS
Contributo UE
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Costo totale
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Partecipanti (10)