EUROMODEL is a research project whose objective is to
describe, understand, and simulate the circulation in the
Western Mediterranean with particular emphasis on the seasonal and mesoscale variabilities. Synergy between observations (in situ and satellite), theoretical, physical, and numerical
models will be systematically employed. The aim of EUROMODEL is to provide companion disciplines and environmental
management with reliable data and models.
During a first phase (MAST-CT90-0043-C), attention was devoted to process studies (deep water formation, transport through
straits, energetics of the Algerian current) and to mesoscale variability in relation to the general circulation. EUROMODEL II will carry on global basin, regional and process studies in both modelling and in situ experiments.
The basin scale circulation will be simulated using LODYC and GHER ocean general circulation models. The surface forcing
will be obtained from a meteorological model-assimilated data set (PERIDOT output). In conjunction with the PRIMO
experiment, in situ basin scale experiments will monitor the transport through the straits to provide the models with
realistic lateral boundary conditions. The seasonal
variability of the basin scale circulation will be extensively investigated, as well as heat and salt budgets.
Mesoscale variability could strongly influence and even
dominate the general circulation in regional basins. In order to apprehend the physical mechanisms involved in mesoscale
circulation, in situ, numerical and laboratory experiments
will be conducted in a number of regions (the Balearic and
Alboran Seas, the Algerian basin and the Sardinia Channel) to apprehend the physical mechanisms involved in mesoscale
circulation. In situ observations will be complemented with
remote sensing data (altimeter, AVHRR, scatterometer, SAR,
CZCS). The path and the instabilities of intermediate waters in the Western Mediterranean and in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean from the Strait of Gibraltar will be investigated, as well as the upper ocean mesoscale variability and its implication to downward energy propagation.
Advanced research in model-based data assimilation will be
initiated to synthesize the different sources of information, providing a coherent representation of the circulation.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
07071 Palma De Mallorca
4000 Sart-tilman - Liège