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IDENTIFICATION OF IRRADIATED FOOD

Objective


For some foodstuffs and food ingredients, irradiation enables the achievement of a greater hygienic safety and avoidance of chemical preservatives. Consumer confidence in irradiated food may be increased when there is clear evidence that the food irradiation treatment is being controlled and labelled. Proposals for European Community legislation are under discussion and this will require the availability of reliable methods to assess that food products are treated by irradiation and to control the trade of irradiated food in the Community. About 50 laboratories have been involved in assessing: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) based methods; microbiological and biological methods; physical methods; chemical methods.

The following methods have been developed and tested:
a microbiological and a DNA method for screening large quantities of samples including spices, herbs, poultry meat;
a thermoluminescence method (TL) leading to a CEN protocol to detect irradiation of herbs, spices, shrimps;
an electron spin resonance (ESR) method leading to two CEN protocols (meat and fish bones, food collecting cellulose) but also applicable to dried fruits;
a gas phase chromatographic (GPC) method leading to two CEN protocols applicable to food containing lipids.
For some foodstuffs and food ingredients, irradiation enables the achievement of a greater hygienic safety and avoidance of chemical preservatives. Consumer confidence in irradiated food may be increased when there is clear evidence that the food irradiation treatment is being controlled and labelled. Because National Regulations differs, proposals for Community Legislation are under discussion. It covers only a limited number of food types. The correct application of Community Rules will require the availability of reliable methods to assess that food products are treated by irradiation and to control the trade of irradiated food in the Community. A concerted action involving some 50 laboratories of the EC and EFTA countries has been organised for a period of two years. It involves four group working on: DNA based methods, microbiological and biological methods, physical methods, chemical methods.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
Address
Centre D'études De Cadarache Sere-ders
13108 Saint-paul-lez-durance
France

Participants (40)

Association pour le Developpement et la Recherche Appliquee aux Industries Agroalimentaires
France
Address
6,Rue De L'universite 6
29334 Quimper Cedex
Bundesgesundheitsamt
Germany
Address
General Pape Straße
12101 Berlin
CNEVA
France
Address
43 Rue De Dantzig
75015 Paris
CSIC
Spain
Address
11,Calle Jaime Roig
46010 Valencia
CSIC - Instituto de la Grasa y sus Derivados
Spain
Address
4,Avenida Padre Garcia Tejero
41012 Sevilla
Campden and Chorleywood Food Research Association (CCFRA)
United Kingdom
Address
Station Road
GL55 6LD Chipping Campden
Centre Européen de Recherche et d'Analyses
France
Address
3 Rue Des Mardors Za De Couternon
21560 Arc-sur-tille
Centre de Recherches Nucléaires (CRN)
France
Address
23 Rue Du Loess
67037 Strasbourg
Christie Hospital and Holt Radium Institute
United Kingdom
Address
Wilmslow Road Withington
M20 9BX Manchester
Ciemat
Spain
Address
Avda. Complutense 22, Edificio 2
28040 Madrid
Comitato Nazionale per la Ricerca e per lo Sviluppo dell'Energia Nucleare e delle Energie Alternative
Italy
Address
Cre Casaccia
00198 Roma
Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland
United Kingdom
Address
Newforge Lane
BT9 5PX Belfast
Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Lebensmittelchemie
Germany
Address
Lichtenbergstraße
85748 Garching Bei München
Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie l'Energia e l'Ambiente (ENEA)
Italy
Address
Via Anguillarese 301
00100 Santa Maria Di Galeria Roma
Federal Office of Public Health
Switzerland
Address

3000 Bern
Federal Research Centre for Nutrition
Germany
Address
Haid-und-neustr.9
76131 Karlsruhe
Instituto Superior Técnico
Portugal
Address
1,Avenida Rovisco Pais
1096 Lisboa Codex
Istituto Superiore della Sanità
Italy
Address
Viale Regina Elena 299
00161 Roma
Istituto di Industrie Agrarie
Italy
Address
Via Doninzetti 6
50144 Firenze
Jysk Teknologisk
Denmark
Address
Teknologiparken
8000 Aarhus C
Laboratoire Cantonal - Contrôle des Denrées Alimentaires
Switzerland
Address
Les Croisettes
1066 Epalinges
MAFF Food Science Laboratory
United Kingdom
Address
Norwich Research Park Colney
NR4 7UQ Norwich
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.
Germany
Address
34-36,Stiftstrasse 34-36
45413 Muelheim An Der Ruhr
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF)
United Kingdom
Address
135 Abbey Road
AB9 8DG Aberdeen
National Center for Science Research Demokritos
Greece
Address
Aghia Paraskevi
15310 Attikis
National Food Administration
Sweden
Address
5,Hamnesplanaden
75126 Uppsala
National Food Agency of Denmark
Denmark
Address
19,Mörkhöj Bygade
2860 Söborg
North East Wales Institute
United Kingdom
Address
Connah's Quay
CH5 4BR Chester
RIKILT
Netherlands
Address

6700 AE Wageningen
Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Germany
Address
Endenicher Allee 11-13
53115 Bonn
SNT - Norwegian Food Control Authority
Norway
Address

0034 Oslo 1
Technical Research Centre of Finland
Finland
Address
Biologinkuja 1 - Vuorimiehentie 5
02044 Espoo
The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
Address

75007 Uppsala
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW
United Kingdom
Address
East Kilbridge Nel Technology Park
G75 0QU Glasgow
University College of Dublin
Ireland
Address
Belfield
4 Dublin
Università degli Studi di Ancona
Italy
Address
Via Brecce Bianche 65
60131 Ancona
Università degli Studi di Torino
Italy
Address
Via P. Giuria 15
10126 Torino
Université Catholique de Louvain
Belgium
Address
1,Place Louis Pasteur
1348 Louvain-la-neuve
Université d'Aix-Marseille III (Université de Droit d'Économie et des Sciences)
France
Address
Avenue De L'escadrille Normandie-niémen
13397 Marseille
Université de Strasbourg I (Université Louis Pasteur)
France
Address
74 Route Du Rhin
67400 Illkirch