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Effects of Climate Change on Air Pollution Impacts and Response Strategies for European Ecosystems

Effects of Climate Change on Air Pollution Impacts and Response Strategies for European Ecosystems

Objective

ÉCLAIRE investigates the ways in which climate change alters the threat of air pollution on European land ecosystems including soils. Based on field observations, experimental data and models, it establishes new flux, concentration and dose-response relationships, as a basis to inform future European policies.

Starting with biosphere-atmosphere exchange measurements, ÉCLAIRE quantifies how global warming and altered precipitation will affect emissions of key European primary pollutants (NOx, NH3, VOCs), including interactions with increasing aerosol and hemispheric O3 background concentrations, modifying atmospheric transport and deposition. An ensemble of chemistry transport models will be applied to assess uncertainty in response to harmonized scenarios for climate, emissions and land-use, while high resolution studies will investigate how climate change alters local patterns of pollutant exposure and threshold exceedance.

A network of European experiments for contrasting ecosystems and climates, combined with meta-analysis of unpublished datasets, will quantify how climate change alters ecosystem vulnerability to tropospheric O3 and N deposition, including interaction with increased CO2. Combined with special topics on interactions with N form (wet/dry, NHx/NOy), aerosol-exacerbated drought stress and BVOC self-protection of O3 effects, novel threshold and dose-response approaches will be developed. These will be combined with regional atmospheric and biogeochemical models to estimate interactions and feedbacks on plant/soil carbon stocks, greenhouse gas balance and plant species change.

The new risk assessment chain to be developed will be applied at the European scale, quantifying how projected climate change will alter damage estimates. Combined with economic valuation of ecosystem services, improved integrated assessment modelling will allow a cost-benefit analysis to inform future mitigation and adaptation strategies on air pollution and climate change.

Coordinator

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

Address

Polaris House, North Star Avenue
Sn2 1eu Swindon Wiltshire

United Kingdom

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 1 345 316

Administrative Contact

Mark Sutton (Dr.)

Participants (39)

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ERDESZETI TUDOMANYOS INTEZET

Hungary

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 10 000

DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 310 000

STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 412 000

INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 280 001

METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 210 000

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 150 000

STICHTING ENERGIEONDERZOEK CENTRUM NEDERLAND

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 170 000

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 430 000

JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 280 000

UNIVERSITY OF YORK

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 227 000

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 290 000

RIJKSINSTITUUT VOOR VOLKSGEZONDHEID EN MILIEU

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

EIDGENOESSISCHES DEPARTEMENT FUER WIRTSCHAFT, BILDUNG UND FORSCHUNG

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 190 000

GOETEBORGS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 105 000

NEMZETI AGRARKUTATASI ES INNOVACIOS KOZPONT

Hungary

EU Contribution

€ 80 000

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 90 000

UNIVERSITA CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 252 000

ODESSA NATIONAL I.I. MECHNIKOV UNIVERSITY

Ukraine

EU Contribution

€ 57 000

UNIVERSITAET FUER BODENKULTUR WIEN

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 156 000

UNIVERSIDAD POLITECNICA DE MADRID

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 115 000

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES ENERGETICAS, MEDIOAMBIENTALES Y TECNOLOGICAS-CIEMAT

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 120 000

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 110 000

SVERIGES METEOROLOGISKA OCH HYDROLOGISKA INSTITUT

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 60 000

DRZAVNI HIDROMETEOROLOSKI ZAVOD

Croatia

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 317 384

RHEINISCHE FRIEDRICH-WILHELMS-UNIVERSITAT BONN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 70 000

EIDGENOESSISCHE FORSCHUNGSANSTALT WSL

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 45 000

IVL SVENSKA MILJOEINSTITUTET AB

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 55 000

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN SOIL SCIENCE OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 40 000

HOLLAND MICHAEL

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 80 000

AARHUS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 60 300

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 70 000

UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 40 000

INSTITUTE OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND GENETICS OF BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Bulgaria

EU Contribution

€ 40 000

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 40 000

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 282910

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 October 2011

  • End date

    30 September 2015

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 10 931 972,24

  • EU contribution

    € 6 997 001

Coordinated by:

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom