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Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants

Objective

ECLIPSE aims to develop and assess effective emission abatement strategies for short-lived climate agents in order to provide sound scientific advice on how to mitigate climate change while improving the quality of air. Current climate policy does not consider a range of short-lived gases and aerosols, and their precursors (including nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, sulphate, and black carbon). These nevertheless make a significant contribution to climate change and directly influence air quality.

There are fundamental scientific uncertainties in characterizing both the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived species and many aspects (for example, the regional dependence) are quite distinct to those for the longer-lived climate gases already included in the Kyoto Protocol.

ECLIPSE will bring together 11 institutes with established and complementary expertise for a closely co-ordinated 3 year programme. It will build on existing knowledge and use state-of-the-art chemistry and climate models to (i) improve understanding of key atmospheric processes (including the impact of short-lived species on cloud properties) and characterize existing uncertainties; (ii) evaluate model simulations of short-lived species and their long-range transport using ground-based and satellite observations; (iii) perform case studies on key source and receptor regions (focused on Southeastern Europe, China and the Arctic); (iv) quantify the radiative forcing and climate response due to short-lived species, incorporating the dependence on where the species are emitted; (v) refine the calculation of climate metrics, and develop novel metrics which, for example, consider rate of climate warming and go beyond using global-mean quantities; (vi) clarify possible win-win and trade-off situations between climate policy and air quality policy; (vii) identify a set of concrete cost-effective abatement measures of short-lived species with large co-benefits.

Call for proposal

FP7-ENV-2011
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

NILU STIFTELSEN NORSK INSTITUTT FORLUFTFORSKNING
Address
Instituttveien 18
2027 Kjeller
Norway
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 575 541
Administrative Contact
Andreas Stohl (Dr.)

Participants (10)

CICERO SENTER KLIMAFORSKNING STIFTELSE
Norway
EU contribution
€ 504 975
Address
Gaustadallèen 21
0349 Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jan Sigurd Fuglestvedt (Dr.)
METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT
Norway
EU contribution
€ 156 900
Address
Henrik Mohns Plass 1
0313 Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Per Helmer Skaali (Mr.)
INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE
Austria
EU contribution
€ 358 491
Address
Schlossplatz 1
2361 Laxenburg
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Monica Manchanda (Ms.)
MET OFFICE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 219 077
Address
Fitzroy Road
EX1 3PB Exeter
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Bill Collins (Dr.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF READING
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 343 200
Address
Whiteknights Campus Whiteknights House
RG6 6AH Reading
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Keith Peter Shine (Prof.)
UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6
France
EU contribution
€ 230 520
Address
Place Jussieu 4
75252 Paris
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Elena Billi-Rizza (Dr.)
IDRYMA TECHNOLOGIAS KAI EREVNAS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 126 907
Address
N Plastira Str 100
70013 Irakleio
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Maria Kanakidou (Prof.)
UNIVERSITAET LEIPZIG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 121 440
Address
Ritterstrasse 26
04109 Leipzig
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Gerhard Fuchs (Mr.)
PEKING UNIVERSITY
China
EU contribution
€ 27 000
Address
The Summer Palace Road 5
100871 Beijing
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Tong Zhu (Prof.)
TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY
China
EU contribution
€ 42 000
Address
Qing Hua Yuan
100084 Beijing
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jiming Hao (Prof.)