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Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants

Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants

Objective

ECLIPSE aims to develop and assess effective emission abatement strategies for short-lived climate agents in order to provide sound scientific advice on how to mitigate climate change while improving the quality of air. Current climate policy does not consider a range of short-lived gases and aerosols, and their precursors (including nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, sulphate, and black carbon). These nevertheless make a significant contribution to climate change and directly influence air quality.

There are fundamental scientific uncertainties in characterizing both the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived species and many aspects (for example, the regional dependence) are quite distinct to those for the longer-lived climate gases already included in the Kyoto Protocol.

ECLIPSE will bring together 11 institutes with established and complementary expertise for a closely co-ordinated 3 year programme. It will build on existing knowledge and use state-of-the-art chemistry and climate models to (i) improve understanding of key atmospheric processes (including the impact of short-lived species on cloud properties) and characterize existing uncertainties; (ii) evaluate model simulations of short-lived species and their long-range transport using ground-based and satellite observations; (iii) perform case studies on key source and receptor regions (focused on Southeastern Europe, China and the Arctic); (iv) quantify the radiative forcing and climate response due to short-lived species, incorporating the dependence on where the species are emitted; (v) refine the calculation of climate metrics, and develop novel metrics which, for example, consider rate of climate warming and go beyond using global-mean quantities; (vi) clarify possible win-win and trade-off situations between climate policy and air quality policy; (vii) identify a set of concrete cost-effective abatement measures of short-lived species with large co-benefits.
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Coordinator

NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING STIFTELSE

Address

Instituttveien 18
2027 Kjeller

Norway

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 575 541

Administrative Contact

Andreas Stohl (Dr.)

Participants (10)

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CICERO SENTER KLIMAFORSKNING STIFTELSE

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 504 975

METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 156 900

INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 358 491

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 219 077

THE UNIVERSITY OF READING

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 343 200

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS 6

France

EU Contribution

€ 230 520

FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY HELLAS

Greece

EU Contribution

€ 126 907

UNIVERSITAET LEIPZIG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 121 440

PEKING UNIVERSITY

China

EU Contribution

€ 27 000

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY

China

EU Contribution

€ 42 000

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 282688

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2011

  • End date

    28 February 2015

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 810 033,02

  • EU contribution

    € 2 706 051

Coordinated by:

NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING STIFTELSE

Norway