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Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century

Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century

Objective

Permafrost is defined as ground that remains continuously at or below 0°C for at least two consecutive years; some 24% of the land surface in the northern Hemisphere is classified as permafrost. In the Northern high latitudes, strong warming has been observed over the recent decades, and climate models project strong future warming. A projected decline in the extent of permafrost will have a major impact on the Earth system, affecting global climate through the mobilization of carbon and nitrogen stored in permafrost.

PAGE21 aims to understand and quantify the vulnerability of permafrost environments to a changing global climate, and to investigate the feedback mechanisms associated with increasing greenhouse gas emissions from permafrost zones. This research makes use of a unique set of Arctic permafrost investigations performed at stations that span the full range of Arctic bioclimatic zones. The project brings together the best European permafrost researchers and eminent scientists from Canada, Russia, the USA, and Japan.

In a truly original approach we combine field measurements of permafrost processes, pools, and fluxes, with remote sensing data and global climate models at local, regional and, for the first time, pan-Arctic scales. The output from this research will help to advance our understanding of permafrost processes at multiple scales, resulting in improvements in global numerical permafrost modeling and the ensuing future climate projections, as well as in the assessment of stabilisation scenarios.

These outputs will feed into global assessments and international monitoring programs, in which most of the consortium members are already actively participating in leading roles. This project will, in particular, provide projections on a pan-Arctic scale of greenhouse gas releases from the projected thawing of permafrost terrain during the 21st century, with direct implications for global policy discussions on emission reduction targets.

Coordinator

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Address

Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven

Germany

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 1 639 008,25

Administrative Contact

Nancy Lange (Ms.)

Participants (18)

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UNIVERSITETSSENTERET PA SVALBARD AS

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 448 977

STOCKHOLMS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 532 805

STICHTING VU

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 289 478

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET WIEN

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 339 820

UNIVERSITE JOSEPH FOURIER GRENOBLE 1

France

EU Contribution

€ 379 552

THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 265 000

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 486 827,75

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 353 160

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 659 283

UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 119 683

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France

EU Contribution

€ 301 410

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 249 751

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 109 753

ITA-SUOMEN YLIOPISTO

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 101 767

INSITUTE FOR BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CRYOLITHOZONE SIBERIAN BRANCH RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 89 820

NORDURSLODAGATTIN EHF

Iceland

EU Contribution

€ 576 800

M.V. LOMONOSOV MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 9 000

VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK HOGER ONDERWIJS WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK EN PATIENTENZORG

Netherlands

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 282700

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2011

  • End date

    31 October 2015

Funded under:

FP7-ENVIRONMENT

  • Overall budget:

    € 9 343 585,47

  • EU contribution

    € 6 951 895

Coordinated by:

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Germany