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Improved Durability and Cost-effective Components for New Generation Solid Polymer Electrolyte Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Objective

"The main objective of the DURAMET project is to develop cost-effective components for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) with enhanced activity and stability in order to reduce stack costs and improve performance and durability. The project concerns with the development of DMFCs for application in auxiliary power units (APU) as well as for portable systems. The target temperature for DMFCs in APU applications is 120-130 °C. To overcome the methanol cross-over and dehydration problems of perfluorosulphonic membranes, such as Nafion, or the slow start-up and electrolyte leaching in hot methanol solution of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzoimidazole membranes, the efforts for APU applications will be focused on new polyphosphonic acid functionalised polymers. Cost-effective sulphonated polysulfone hydrocarbon membranes with better resistance than Nafion to methanol cross-over as well as to the drag of Ru ions will be developed for portable applications. For both applications improved durability electro-catalysts will be developed with the aim to reduce costs, degradation and noble metals content. The work will address the development of cost-effective Pd catalysts or noble metal-free materials, the latter especially for high temperature applications. These systems will be dispersed on Ti-suboxides supports in order to stabilize the metallic phase through a strong metal-support interaction (SMSI). This will reduce electrochemical corrosion phenomena which in most cases are promoted by the degradation of carbonaceous supports. To validate the new membranes and electro-catalysts materials, specific development of membrane-electrode assembly will be carried out with tailored hydrophobic-hydrophilic electrode characteristics. The new developed components will be thus validated in short stacks to assess their performance and durability under practical operation. Specific attention will be devoted to the exploitation, dissemination and the training of young researchers."

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/metals

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2010-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

JTI-CP-FCH - Joint Technology Initiatives - Collaborative Project (FCH)

Coordinator

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Italy
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 258 291
Administrative Contact
Agatino Nicita (Dr.)

Participants (8)

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 205 541
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jocelyn Mere (Dr.)
FUMATECH BWT GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 190 503
Address
Carl Benz Strasse 4
74321 Bietigheim Bissingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Bernd Bauer (Dr.)
CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 151 972
Address
Strada Torino 50
10043 Orbassano
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Massimo Casali (Dr.)
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 193 606
Address
Arcisstrasse 21
80333 Muenchen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ulrike Ronchetti (Ms.)
IRD FUEL CELLS A/S
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 247 694
Address
Emil Neckelmanns Vej 15A
5220 Fraugde
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jacob Lindner Bonde (Dr.)
POLITECNICO DI TORINO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 185 022
Address
Corso Duca Degli Abruzzi 24
10129 Torino
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Claudia Giuliana Roveglia (Dr.)
PRETEXO
France
EU contribution
€ 63 988
Address
58 Avenue D'occitanie Bat J2 Apt 193
34090 Montpellier
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Nathalie Cros (Dr.)
JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium
Address
Rue De La Loi 200
1049 Brussels
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Josephina Pijls (Ms.)