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Connecting the animal genome, gastrointestinal microbiomes and nutrition to improve digestion efficiency and the environmental impacts of ruminant livestock production

Objective

This project will integrate at the highest possible level expertise and technologies to increase the efficiency and decrease the environmental footprint of ruminant production, significantly advancing current knowledge in this sector. The project will exploit state-of-the-art –omics technologies to understand how ruminant gastrointestinal microbial ecosystems, or microbiomes, are controlled by the host animal and by the diet consumed, and how this impacts on greenhouse gas emissions, efficiency and product quality. New models and tools will be developed to enable the livestock industry to decrease environmental damage from methane and nitrogen emissions, and to improve efficiency of feed utilisation. A large-scale genetic association study involving 1000 dairy cows will relate feed intake, digestion efficiency, milk production/composition and methane emissions to the ruminal microbiome and host genome, leading to new indicator traits and tools for use in both traditional and genomic selection. Cow-reindeer metagenomic studies will establish how host species influence ruminal microbiology and function. Bovine twins studies will define how the rumen microbiome varies in an identical host genetic background. Nutrition work will assess how dietary oils, nitrogen and carbohydrates affect the ruminal microbiome and product quality. A meta-barcoding 16S rRNA analysis protocol will be developed to investigate ruminal microbiomes more accurately, rapidly and cheaply. Saliva and faeces will be analysed as possible tools for non-invasive assessment of ruminal microbiome and function. A novel method for on-farm methane analysis will be refined for easy application. Results will be publicly available through an online data warehouse that will provide tools to build new queries and create novel information. Transversal work packages include dissemination and industrial liaison, targeted towards the enlarged EU, and candidate and developing countries.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/biochemistry/biomolecules/carbohydrates
  • /agricultural sciences/animal and dairy science/dairy
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/ecology/ecosystems
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/genome
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/microbiology
  • /medical and health sciences/health sciences/nutrition

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2011-5
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-IP - Large-scale integrating project

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN
Address
King's College Regent Walk
AB24 3FX Aberdeen
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 791 754
Administrative Contact
Ian Tough (Mr.)

Participants (11)

MAA JA ELINTARVIKETALOUDEN TUTKIMUSKESKUS

Participation ended

Finland
Address
Building O - Humppilantie 14
FI-31600 Jokioinen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jutta Siivonen (Ms.)
PARCO TECNOLOGICO PADANO S.R.L.
Italy
EU contribution
€ 969 977
Address
Via Einstein - Localita Cascina Codazza
26900 Lodi
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Andrea Di Lemma (Dr.)
LUONNONVARAKESKUS
Finland
EU contribution
€ 804 425
Address
Latokartanonkaari 9
00790 Helsinki
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Eeva-Liisa Ryhänen (Ms.)
SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 627 057
Address
Almas Alle 8
750 07 Uppsala
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Kjell Martinsson (Prof.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF NOTTINGHAM
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 640 006
Address
University Park
NG7 2RD Nottingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Paul Cartledge (Mr.)
Ustav zivocisne fyziologie a genetiky AV CR, v.v.i.
Czechia
EU contribution
€ 146 025
Address
Rumburská 89
277 21 Libechov
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jan Kopecny (Dr.)
UNIVERSITA CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 693 660
Address
Largo Gemelli 1
20123 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Lorenzo Morelli (Prof.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 798 469
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Guillaume Rochet (Mr.)
FEDERAZIONE EUROPEA DI ZOOTECNICA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 353 934
Address
Via Giuseppe Tomassetti 3 A/1
00161 Roma
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Elena Murelli (Ms.)
EUROPEAN FORUM OF FARM ANIMAL BREEDERS
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 118 200
Address
Dreijenlaan 2K 1060 1061
6703 HA Wageningen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Marjolein Neuteboom (Ms.)
QUALITY MEAT SCOTLAND
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 31 167
Address
Rural Centre Ingliston
EH28 8NZ Midlothian
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Sylvia Shepherd (Ms.)