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Physically unclonable functions found in standard PC components

Physically unclonable functions found in standard PC components

Objective

Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are used to uniquely identify electronic components and to protect valuable objects against counterfeiting. They allow creating a root of trust in a hardware system through generating device-unique "fingerprints" and deriving secret keys from the underlying physical properties of the silicon. Today they are typically found in specially designed hardware components and result from the silicon properties of individual transistors. They exist in many forms, among which are the so-called SRAM PUFs.
This project intends to study and show the existence of SRAM PUFs and other types of PUFs in standard PCs, laptops, mobile phones and consumer electronics. This has not been attempted so far. The mere existence of physical properties that depend on a component and are reproducible is only the first step to guarantee appropriate robustness, reliability and randomness properties for use as secret keys or trust anchors in mass-market applications. By uncovering the security properties of PUFs in standard components such as graphical processing units, central processing units and PCI connectors, this project will provide the first intrinsic and long-wanted basis for security in everyone's most common computing platforms: standard PCs and similar hardware. This new root of trust in turn adds security for mass-market applications, replacing or complementing the role of a trusted platform module and enabling security for applications such as broadcast applications, content protection for the gaming industry and secure day-to-day transactions for everyone. The results of the project will allow for the first time an a priori open platform, the most difficult element to secure in an information-technology system today, to inherit security properties from its own identity and its intrinsic physical properties.

Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN

Address

Groene Loper 3
5612 Ae Eindhoven

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 258 840

Administrative Contact

Ruud van de Donk (Mr.)

Participants (3)

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KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 239 400

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DARMSTADT

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 236 276

INTRINSIC ID B.V.

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 270 001

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 284833

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 February 2012

  • End date

    31 January 2015

Funded under:

FP7-ICT

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 319 480

  • EU contribution

    € 1 004 517

Coordinated by:

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN

Netherlands