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Integrated low temperature methanol steam reforming and high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell

Objective

Hydrogen is foreseen to be the energy vector of the future. However, there are still significant barriers to store and transport hydrogen, especially in small portable applications. The success of a portable Fuel Cell system depends to a large extent on the fuel supply that should be accomplished in a cost-effective and comfortable manner.
The present project proposes a power supply comprising a methanol steam reformer and high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) operating at the same temperature. The heat integration of these two units originates an increase of up to 14% of the overall efficiency; when reformer and fuel cell operate at the same temperature, the heat involved in the endothermic steam reforming reaction can be supplied by the highly exothermic fuel cell. Moreover, the heat integration also originates a much simpler and compact unit and then robust power supply that can meet and exceed the targets defined by the project call. Because the catalyst characteristics and the low operating temperature, the reformer originates a reformate stream poor in CO (<0.1%), which increases the performance and lifetime of the fuel cell. This remarkable improvement is primarily possible because the development achieved by a team member of a very high active methanol steam reforming catalyst family that can catalyze effectively this reaction at temperatures as low as 170°C.
The new integrated power supply will be a landmark in the development of a fuel cell power supply for mass consumption.
Additionally, it is considered the development and study of a composite palladium membrane for incorporating in the reformer and of an ionic liquid supported polymer membrane selective for CO2 removal from reformate streams operating up to 200°C and the characterization of developed catalysts towards the low temperature steam reforming of dimethyl ether. These are fundamental developments needed for the foreseen new generation of combined power supplies.

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2011-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

JTI-CP-FCH - Joint Technology Initiatives - Collaborative Project (FCH)

Coordinator

UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Address
Praca Gomes Teixeira
4099 002 Porto
Portugal
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 342 892
Administrative Contact
Mafalda Soeiro (Ms.)

Participants (8)

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT

Participation ended

Finland
Address
Tekniikantie 4 A
02044 VTT Espoo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jari Ihonen (Dr.)
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 251 078
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Carolin Dolde (Ms.)
TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT OY
Finland
EU contribution
€ 455 994
Address
Tekniikantie 21
02150 Espoo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jari Ihonen (Dr.)
SERENERGY AS
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 526 288
Address
Lyngvej 8
9000 Aalborg
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Mads Bang (Dr.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 44 788
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Lidietta Giorno (Dr.)
UNIVERSITAT POLITECNICA DE VALENCIA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 196 610
Address
Camino De Vera Sn Edificio 3A
46022 Valencia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jose-Antonio Perez-García (Mr.)
INOVA+ - INNOVATION SERVICES, SA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 240 662
Address
Rua Dr Afonso Cordeiro 567
4450-309 Matosinhos
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Gil Gonçalves (Mr.)
RHODIA OPERATIONS
France
EU contribution
€ 186 932
Address
25 Rue De Clichy
75009 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Marc-David Braida (Mr.)