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Innovative SOFC Architecture based on Triode Operation

Objective

The development of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operating on hydrocarbon fuels (natural gas, biofuel,LPG) is the key to their short to medium term broad commercialization. The development of direct HC SOFCs still meets lot of challenges and problems arising from the fact that the anode materials operate under severe conditions leading to low activity towards reforming and oxidation reactions, fast deactivation due to carbon formation and instability due to the presence of sulphur compounds. Although research on these issues is intensive, no major technological breakthroughs have been so far with respect to robust operation, sufficient lifetime and competitive cost.
T-CELL proposes a novel electrochemical approach aiming at tackling these problems by a comprehensive effort to define, explore, characterize, develop and realize a radically new triode approach to SOFC technology together with a novel, advanced architecture for cell and stack design. This advance will be accomplished by means of an integrated approach based both on materials development and on the deployment of an innovative cell design that permits the effective control of electrocatalytic activity under steam or dry reforming conditions. The novelty of the proposed work lies in the pioneering effort to apply Ni-modified materials electrodes of proven advanced tolerance, as anodic electrodes in SOFCs and in the exploitation of our novel triode SOFC concept which introduces a new controllable variable into fuel cell operation.
In order to provide a proof of concept of the stackability of triode cells, a triode SOFC stack consisting of at least 4 repeating units will be developed and its performance will be evaluated under methane and steam co-feed, in presence of a small concentration of sulphur compound.
Success of the overall ambitious objectives of the proposed project will result in major progress beyond the current state-of-the-art and will open entirely new perspectives in cell and stack designs.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/biofuels
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/electrochemistry/electrolysis
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2011-1
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Funding Scheme

JTI-CP-FCH - Joint Technology Initiatives - Collaborative Project (FCH)

Coordinator

ETHNIKO KENTRO EREVNAS KAI TECHNOLOGIKIS ANAPTYXIS
Address
Charilaou Thermi Road 6 Km
57001 Thermi Thessaloniki
Greece
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 363 400
Administrative Contact
Dimitrios Tsiplakides (Prof.)

Participants (7)

IDRYMA TECHNOLOGIAS KAI EREVNAS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 294 600
Address
N Plastira Str 100
70013 Irakleio
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Andreas Plagakis (Mr.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 173 440
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Sandrine Magnetto (Ms.)
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 182 400
Address
Batiment Ce 3316 Station 1
1015 Lausanne
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jan Van Herle (Dr.)
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 256 363
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Alberto Sereno Alvarez (Mr.)
MANTIS DEPOSITION LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 143 531
Address
2 Goodson Industrial Mews, Wellington Street
OX9 3BX Thame
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alistair Kean (Dr.)
Prototech AS
Norway
EU contribution
€ 150 933
Address
Fantoftvegen 38
5072 Bergen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Ivar Wærnhus (Dr.)
SOLIDPOWER SPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 231 600
Address
Viale Trento 115/117
38017 Mezzolombardo Tn
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alberto Ravagni (Dr.)