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"Conflict, Strategies, and Violence: An Actor-based Approach to Violent and Non-Violent Interactions"

Objective

"Existing research has tended to equate conflict with violence, lumping all “non-conflict” situations together. This is unfortunate on theoretical and empirical grounds. Definitions of conflict highlight incompatibilities, which may motivate actors to resort to violence, but do not automatically generate violence and can be settled or managed in non-violent ways. Lumping together as “not violence” both cases without incompatibilities or agency and cases where actors pursue different strategies ultimately undermines our ability to understand conflict processes and test core arguments about conflict, strategies, and violence, and leaves us unable to assess whether the observed global decline in violence may reflect increasing use of alternative strategies, more state deterrence/accommodation, or fewer incompatibilities in the first place. This project will examine conflict in terms of incompatibilities between actors, where the specific structure of the incompatibilities and the strategies and interactions determine whether we see escalation to violence as well as alternative outcomes such as accommodation or regime change. It will extend my prior research on civil war and focus more clearly on actor motivations, alternative outcomes to conventional civil war, and take seriously non-violent strategies in conflict and protest. Whereas previous research has tended to study violent and non-violent conflict as separate phenomena, this project will focus on violent and non-violent actions as possible substitutes and compliment and explain variation across a range of alternative outcomes, as illustrated in the so-called Arab spring, where we see both non-violent protest and violent insurgencies, as well as state responses ranging from violent repression to accommodation. The project will also consider how transnational factors can influence the choice of strategies that actors make in conflicts."

Call for proposal

ERC-2012-StG_20111124
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Host institution

UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX
Address
Wivenhoe Park
CO4 3SQ Colchester
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 021 028
Principal investigator
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Shereen Anderson (Mrs.)

Beneficiaries (2)

UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 1 021 028
Address
Wivenhoe Park
CO4 3SQ Colchester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Shereen Anderson (Mrs.)
INSTITUTT FOR FREDSFORSKNING
Norway
EU contribution
€ 153 448
Address
Hausmanns Gate 3
0186 Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Lars Even Andersen (Mr.)