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Development of advanced catalysts for PEMFC automotive applications

Objective

Many efforts have been put on the reduction of the Pt loading but nowadays a threshold seems to be obtained. Because the kinetics of the Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction is very fast on Pt, it is possible to use MEA with a Pt loading as low as 35 µgPt/cm-2 without any effect on the voltage loss when such an anode is used in front of a well working cathode. But, the Oxygen Reduction Reaction kinetics is not so fast which is the limiting step concerning the electrochemical processes in a PEMFC. For that raison, the decrease of the Pt loading is now encountering a plateau.
Nano-CAT will propose alternatives to the use of pure Pt as catalyst and promote Pt alloys or even Pt-free innovative catalyst structures with a good activity and enhanced lifetime due to a better resistance to degradation. Nano-CAT will thus develop novel Pt-free catalysts (called bioinspired catalysts) and explore the route of nanostructured Pt alloys with very low Pt content.
Catalysts are chemical species on which the electrochemical reactions are accelerated. PEMFC uses heterogeneous catalysis meaning the catalyst needs to be supported on a material in a solid phase (catalyst support). Nano-CAT will focus on the development of new supports with 2 promising sets of solutions: functionalized Carbon NanoTubes and conductive carbon-free Metal Oxide. These supports offering a better resistance towards degradation than the carbon black commonly used will address the issue of the support degradation and the MEA lifetime.
Nano-CAT will follow two routes, one low risk to ensure demonstration of the use of Pt alloys on new resistant supports and one high risk route to evaluate the feasibility of Pt-free MEA based on the use of bioinspired catalysts.
Finally, Nano-CAT addresses all technical issues leading to the industrialization of the project outcomes for automotive application by the development of high quality manufacturing methods of complete MEAs required to maintain high power density and efficiency.

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2012-1
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Coordinator

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
France

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Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Valérie Barthel (Mrs.)
EU contribution
€ 796 208

Participants (7)

ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS
France
EU contribution
€ 282 146
Address
Boulevard Saint Michel 60
75272 Paris

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Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Florence Thepenier (Mrs.)
FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION
Spain
EU contribution
€ 226 850
Address
Parque Cientifico Y Tecnologico De Bizkaia Astondo Bidea Edificio 700
48160 Derio (Bizkaia)

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Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Alberto Garcia (Mr.)
NANOCYL SA
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 226 400
Address
Rue De L'essor 4
5060 Sambreville

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Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Nathalie Luizi (Mrs.)
JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 182 400
Address
Rue De La Loi 200
1049 Brussels

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Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Josephina Pijls (Mrs.)
C-TECH INNOVATION LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 122 690
Address
Capenhurst Technology Park
CH1 6EH Chester

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Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
David Hall (Dr.)
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 509 205
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln

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Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Carolin Dolde (Ms.)
VOLVO TECHNOLOGY AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 72 540
Address
Gotaverksgatan 10
405 08 Goteborg

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Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Azra Selimovic (Dr.)