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Development of advanced catalysts for PEMFC automotive applications

Development of advanced catalysts for PEMFC automotive applications

Objective

Many efforts have been put on the reduction of the Pt loading but nowadays a threshold seems to be obtained. Because the kinetics of the Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction is very fast on Pt, it is possible to use MEA with a Pt loading as low as 35 µgPt/cm-2 without any effect on the voltage loss when such an anode is used in front of a well working cathode. But, the Oxygen Reduction Reaction kinetics is not so fast which is the limiting step concerning the electrochemical processes in a PEMFC. For that raison, the decrease of the Pt loading is now encountering a plateau.
Nano-CAT will propose alternatives to the use of pure Pt as catalyst and promote Pt alloys or even Pt-free innovative catalyst structures with a good activity and enhanced lifetime due to a better resistance to degradation. Nano-CAT will thus develop novel Pt-free catalysts (called bioinspired catalysts) and explore the route of nanostructured Pt alloys with very low Pt content.
Catalysts are chemical species on which the electrochemical reactions are accelerated. PEMFC uses heterogeneous catalysis meaning the catalyst needs to be supported on a material in a solid phase (catalyst support). Nano-CAT will focus on the development of new supports with 2 promising sets of solutions: functionalized Carbon NanoTubes and conductive carbon-free Metal Oxide. These supports offering a better resistance towards degradation than the carbon black commonly used will address the issue of the support degradation and the MEA lifetime.
Nano-CAT will follow two routes, one low risk to ensure demonstration of the use of Pt alloys on new resistant supports and one high risk route to evaluate the feasibility of Pt-free MEA based on the use of bioinspired catalysts.
Finally, Nano-CAT addresses all technical issues leading to the industrialization of the project outcomes for automotive application by the development of high quality manufacturing methods of complete MEAs required to maintain high power density and efficiency.

Coordinator

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

Address

Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15

France

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 796 208

Administrative Contact

Valérie Barthel (Mrs.)

Participants (7)

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ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS

France

EU Contribution

€ 282 146

FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 226 850

NANOCYL SA

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 226 400

JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 182 400

C-TECH INNOVATION LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 122 690

DLR

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 509 205

VOLVO TECHNOLOGY AB

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 72 540

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 325239

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 May 2013

  • End date

    31 January 2017

Funded under:

FP7-JTI

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 394 331

  • EU contribution

    € 2 418 439

Coordinated by:

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France