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Control of meiotic recombination: from Arabidopsis to crops

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 606956

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2013

  • End date

    31 October 2017

Funded under:

FP7-PEOPLE

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 645 642,18

  • EU contribution

    € 3 645 642,18

Coordinated by:

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

United Kingdom

Objective

"Global population stands at 7 billion and is predicted to reach 9 billion by 2050. It is anticipated that food production will need to increase by at least 50% to meet the demand arising from this increase in population. This will require a sustained improvement in crop yield. The nature of this challenge is exacerbated by the likely impact of climate change. These factors combine to make Food Security one the key challenges for the 21st century. To deliver improvement and sustainability in crop production it will be necessary to harness a broad spectrum approaches. Crop improvement will be crucial and a major part in the delivery of this will be based on classical breeding. This harnesses the genetic variation that is generated by homologous recombination during meiosis. Meiotic recombination creates new combinations of alleles that confer new phenotypes that can be tested for enhanced performance. It is also crucial in mapping genetic traits and in the introgression of new traits from sources such as wild-crop varieties. Despite the central role played by meiosis in crop production we are remarkably ignorant as to how the process is controlled in these species. For example, it is not known why recombination in cereals and forage grasses is skewed towards the ends of the chromosomes such that an estimated 30-50% of genes rarely, if ever, recombine thereby limiting the genetic variation that is available to plant breeders. Moreover, as many crop species are polyploid a further level of complexity is added to the meiotic process. Over the past 15 years studies in Arabidopsis, many conducted in the laboratories in the COMREC consortium, have provided both insights into the control of meiosis in plants and generated the tools to analyze this process in crop species. It is now timely, to translate this knowledge, training a new generation of young scientists who will gain the expertise to understand and develop strategies to modify recombination in crops."

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

Address

Edgbaston
B15 2tt Birmingham

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 661 075,76

Administrative Contact

May Chung (Ms.)

Participants (11)

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARSOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 287 256,64

UNIVERSITAT WIEN

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 242 401,72

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 224 268,88

LEIBNIZ - INSTITUT FUER PFLANZENGENETIK UND KULTURPFLANZENFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 224 268,88

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT

France

EU Contribution

€ 258 148,66

THE JAMES HUTTON INSTITUTE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 287 256,64

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 265 045

UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 234 685

UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 245 245

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 488 290

UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 227 700

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 606956

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 November 2013

  • End date

    31 October 2017

Funded under:

FP7-PEOPLE

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 645 642,18

  • EU contribution

    € 3 645 642,18

Coordinated by:

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

United Kingdom