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Elimination of NOx, SOx and Particulates in Rail Transportation

Objective

Locomotive engines are significant contributors to air pollution in many cities and ports. Although locomotive engines being produced today must meet relatively modest emission requirements set in 1997, they continue to emit large amounts of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter (PM).
The 2008 Clean Air Non-road Diesel Rule stipulates new requirements for non-road diesel fuel that will decrease the allowable levels of sulphur in fuel used in locomotives by 99 percent. These fuel improvements will create immediate and significant environmental and public health benefits by reducing PM from existing engines. The rule also establishes long-term, Tier 4, standards for newly-built engines based on the application of high-efficiency catalytic aftertreatment technology, beginning in 2015.
Although established Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) processes appear effective, there remain several problems such as high reaction temperatures, which sometimes require reheating of the flue gas, a large reactor volume, and the need for reductant ammonia. In addition, the process is not applicable to NO in low concentrations and at ambient temperature. As NO2 is easily removed by water, catalytic oxidation of NO to NO2 at a low temperature is a promising way of removing NO in flue gas without using ammonia.
In the ENSPIRIT project, the core research work will focus on the production of a pre-production prototype catalytic device for NO oxidation over Activated Carbon at ambient temperature. The catalytic device will be integrated into a system of combined devices for the removal of heat, moisture, Sulphur oxides, ultrafine particulate matter and Nitrogen oxides. The integrated ENSPIRIT system will provide a complete cost-effective, energy-efficient way of meeting the EPA Tier 4 non-road emission rule in 2015.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/mechanical engineering/vehicle engineering

Call for proposal

FP7-SME-2013
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

BSG-SME - Research for SMEs

Coordinator

OSPREY CORPORATION LIMITED
Address
John Wilson Business Park Units 84-85
CT5 3QT Chestfield Whitstable
United Kingdom
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 313 363
Administrative Contact
David Missions (Mr.)

Participants (6)

FLUID TECHNOLOGIES (ENVIRONMENTAL) LTD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 172 158
Address
Old London Road 50
KT2 6QF Kingston Upon Thames
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Howard Davis (Mr.)
CATATOR AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 333 898
Address
Odlarevagen 10
226 60 Lund
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Tihamer Hargitai (Dr.)
FRICKE UND MALLAH MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGY GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 214 272
Address
Werner Nordmeyer Str 25
31226 Peine
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Marcel Mallah (Mr.)
THE UK INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS RESEARCH INSTITUTE LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 26 476
Address
Pera Business Park Nottingham Road
LE13 0PB Melton Mowbray
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Mehendra Parmar (Mr.)
BRUNEL UNIVERSITY LONDON
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 26 353
Address
Kingston Lane
UB8 3PH Uxbridge
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Teresa Waller (Ms.)
INNOVHUB - STAZIONI SPERIMENTALI PER L'INDUSTRIA SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 10 480
Address
Via Meravigli 9 B
20123 Milano
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Mara Tumiati (Ms.)