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The Future of European Citizenship in Comparative Perspective

Final Report Summary - FUTEURCIT (The Future of European Citizenship in Comparative Perspective)

The European University Institute (Italy) hosted professor Willem Maas of York University (Canada) for a Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowship. As one of the most promising North American scholars in the study of citizenship, professor Maas brought extensive research experience, project management capability, and especially expertise in the emerging area of multilevel citizenship. Drawing on his careful combination of empirical knowledge and interpretive and analytical skills, he worked with professor Rainer Bauböck, one of Europe’s leading scholars of citizenship. The combination of this expertise enabled an innovative and groundbreaking research project to assess the future of European citizenship on the basis of its historical development and of comparative cases, from analytical, interpretive, and normative perspectives. The project boosted EUI’s research capacity in the area of comparative and multilevel citizenship, which in turn helped advance understanding of the choices facing Europeans and their leaders as EU citizenship enters its third decade and beyond.

The project is of considerable interest to social scientists, legal scholars, and policymakers, both in Europe and other states governed by federal or multilevel political arrangements, including regional integration efforts outside Europe. The project resulted in several papers presented at international conferences and subsequently submitted for publication. Knowledge transfer activities were also held at the host and other institutions in Europe.

By the end of the fellowship, we are pleased to report the publication of three peer-reviewed journal articles, one chapter, and one report; with two additional peer-reviewed journal articles in press, a chapter in press, and another chapter under contract.

The project outline called for dissemination activities at the American Political Science Association (APSA) and European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), with some Canadian Political Science Association (CPSA) and other conferences, with the possibility for a few seminar presentations and conference participation at EUI. During the 24 months of the project, professor Maas made 24 formal presentations at university workshops and academic conferences (including APSA, ECPR, and CPSA, as planned) and also participated in other dissemination activities, including significant participation at the host institution.

As committed in the Career Development Plan, professor Maas prepared a research proposal for a Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight grant, submitted in October 2015, then revised and resubmitted in October 2016. The results have just been announced, and professor Maas’s project will be funded from April 2017 to March 2022 (five years), building on the success of the Marie Curie fellowship.

Professor Maas also contracted with Palgrave publishers to co-found (as co-editor) a new book series on the Politics of Citizenship and Migration. The aim of the book series is to publish exciting new research in all areas of migration and citizenship, including empirical, theoretical, methodological, conceptual, historical and normative work on the politics of nationality and citizenship, rights and obligations of political membership, comparative or historical nationality law, statelessness, acquisition and loss of nationality through naturalization and expatriation as well as dual or multiple citizenship; the politics of voluntary and forced migration, including political attitudes and orientations towards and of all categories of migrants; immigration and emigration policies and laws; immigrant integration and refugee resettlement policies and practices, including civic engagement, political incorporation, and citizen-making; border and security studies as well as studies on the management and control of migration; the changing meanings and practices of citizenship, including transformations in sovereignty and political community, state formation or disintegration, nationalism, secession movements, minorities, diaspora mobilization, and subnational, supranational, global, corporate, or multilevel citizenship.

Publications to date include:

“Trade, Regional Integration, and Free Movement of People,” a comparison of EU citizenship with regional citizenships in Latin America published in A New Atlantic Community: The European Union, the US and Latin America, ed. Joaquín Roy (Miami: European Union Center of Excellence/Jean Monnet Chair, University of Miami, 2015) pp. 111-21.

“Access to Electoral Rights in Canada,” European Union Democratic Observatory, EUDO Citizenship (Florence: European University Institute, July 2015), pp. 1-20.

“European Governance of Citizenship and Nationality,” in Journal of Contemporary European Research, vol.12 no.1 (2016) pp.532-551.

Professor Maas co-edited (with Alex Caviedes) the Journal of Contemporary European Research special issue, and also co-authored (with Alex Caviedes) the introductory article, “Sixty-Five Years of European Governance” (pp. 395-405).

“Free Movement and the Difference that Citizenship Makes,” in Journal of European Integration History, vol.23 no.1 (2017) 85-101. Also forthcoming in Antonio Varsori, Elena Calandri, and Simone Paoli, eds., Peoples and Borders. Seventy Years of Movement of Persons in Europe, to Europe, from Europe (Baden-Baden: Nomos [reissue, as book, of the Journal of European Integration History special issue]), in press.

“Multilevel Citizenship,” in Ayelet Shachar, Rainer Bauböck, Irene Bloemraad, Maarten Vink, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Citizenship (Oxford UP), in press.

“Boundaries of Political Community in Europe, the US, and Canada,” in Richard Bellamy, Joseph Lacey, and Kalypso Nicolaïdis, eds., “European Boundaries In Question” Journal of European Integration special issue, in press.

“European Union Citizenship,” under review for William Thompson, ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics (Oxford UP) [contracted].