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Effects of phosphorus limitations on Life, Earth system and Society

Objective

P is an earthbound and finite element and the prospect of constrained access to mineable P resources has already triggered geopolitical disputes. In contrast to P, availabilities of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to ecosystems are rapidly increasing in most areas of the globe. The resulting imminent change in the stoichiometry of available elements will have no equivalent in the Earth’s history and will bear profound, yet, unknown consequences for life, the Earth System and human society. The ongoing shifts in C:N:P balances in ecosystems will necessarily affect the structure, function and diversity of the Earth system. P-market crises might put pressure on the global food system and create environmental ripple effects ranging from expansion of agricultural land to P-price-induced changes in land management exacerbating the stoichiometric resource imbalance. Yet, the impacts of this unprecedented human disturbance of elemental stoichiometry remain a research enigma. The IMBALANCE-P-team, that gathers four leading researchers in the fields of ecosystem diversity and ecology, biogeochemistry, Earth System modelling, and global agricultural and resource economics, is formidably positioned to address this Earth System management challenge by providing improved understanding and quantitative foresight needed to formulate a range of policy options that will contain the risks and mitigate the consequences of stoichiometric imbalances. IMBALANCE-P will integrate some of Europe's leading integrated assessment and Earth system models, calibrated using ecosystem nutrient limitation data obtained from field experiments. The project will establish an international process of science-based P-diplomacy.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/ecology/ecosystems

Call for proposal

ERC-2013-SyG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-SyG - Synergy grant

Lead Principal Investigator

Josep Penuelas Reixach (Prof.)

Host institution

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION ECOLOGICA Y APLICACIONES FORESTALES
Address
Universitat Autonoma De Barcelona Edifici C
08193 Bellaterra
Spain
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 3 698 200
Principal investigator
Ivan August Rachel Janssens (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Cristina García (Ms.)

Beneficiaries (5)

CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION ECOLOGICA Y APLICACIONES FORESTALES
Spain
EU contribution
€ 3 698 200
Address
Universitat Autonoma De Barcelona Edifici C
08193 Bellaterra
Activity type
Research Organisations
Principal investigator
Ivan August Rachel Janssens (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Cristina García (Ms.)
INTERNATIONALES INSTITUT FUER ANGEWANDTE SYSTEMANALYSE
Austria
EU contribution
€ 2 999 865,78
Address
Schlossplatz 1
2361 Laxenburg
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Demetrio Soto Martinez (Mr.)
UNIVERSITEIT ANTWERPEN
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 3 720 000
Address
Prinsstraat 13
2000 Antwerpen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Anne Adams (Ms.)
UNIVERSITE DE VERSAILLES SAINT-QUENTIN-EN-YVELINES.
France
EU contribution
€ 1 582 514,20
Address
Avenue De Paris 55
78035 Versailles
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Virginia Branco (Mrs.)
COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 1 600 000
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Cecilia Garrec (Ms.)