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Eradication: the science and politics of a world without AIDS

Objective

New biomedical technologies and public health strategies are being tested world-wide with the goal of eradicating the HIV epidemic. Achieving a world without AIDS has become the flagship of the vast global health apparatus, rallying governments, international organisations, philanthropic and pharmaceutical capital, research networks and activists. Mass screening and treatment, preventive drugs and gels, and molecular maps of sexual networks have shifted the biomedical paradigm from one of control to one of eradication. The biopolitical armamentarium of the push to eradicate may inadvertently enable unexpected biological, cultural, social and political transformations. Mass treatment and preventive drugs require very high levels of compliance to achieve the desired public health effects, foreshadowing the coercive potential of eradication efforts. Intensified mapping of “most at-risk populations” marks a shift from the existing emphasis on rights and empowerment to one of surveillance and discipline. As these approaches remain unproven, eradication constitutes a global public health experiment of unprecedented proportions, whose outcomes will shape global health efforts for decades to come. Eradication efforts to rid the world of HIV are attempts to order nature as revealed through a global epidemic, putting them squarely at the centre of anthropological concern. The two overarching questions are: what will HIV eradication efforts achieve? What are the reasons for the outcome, be it partial success or partial failure? To answer these questions, a multi-sited ethnography will be conducted in Africa, Europe and North America of the science and politics of HIV eradication. It will focus on the testing, preparation, and implementation of the three key technologies of HIV eradication: universal testing and mass treatment, molecular mapping of sexual and social networks.

Call for proposal

ERC-2013-CoG
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Funding Scheme

ERC-CG - ERC Consolidator Grants

Host institution

FONDATION POUR L INSTITUT DE HAUTES ETUDES INTERNATIONALES ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT
Address
Maison De La Paix Chemin Eugene Rigot 2
1202 Geneve
Switzerland
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 597 658,52
Principal investigator
Vinh-Kim Nguyen (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Ghislaine Wharton (Ms.)

Beneficiaries (3)

FONDATION POUR L INSTITUT DE HAUTES ETUDES INTERNATIONALES ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 1 597 658,52
Address
Maison De La Paix Chemin Eugene Rigot 2
1202 Geneve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
Vinh-Kim Nguyen (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Ghislaine Wharton (Ms.)
UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM

Participation ended

Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 315 660
Address
Spui 21
1012WX Amsterdam
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
José Komen (Mrs.)
UNIVERSITE DE MONTREAL

Participation ended

Canada
EU contribution
€ 86 661,48
Address
Cp 6128 Station Centre Ville
H3C3J7 Montreal
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Louise Bossé (Mrs.)