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Enhancing the effectiveness of programs and strategies to prevent youth smoking: a comparative realist evaluation of 7 European cities

Enhancing the effectiveness of programs and strategies to prevent youth smoking: a comparative realist evaluation of 7 European cities

Objective

Cigarette smoking is a main risk factor for premature disease, disability and death in Europe, especially in disadvantaged groups. Prevention of youth smoking is crucial to any strategy aimed at reducing this disease burden in the future. Several potentially effective strategies and programs are available to address youth smoking. However, in practice their impact often appears to be limited, especially among socially disadvantaged youth.
There is very little systematic evidence on HOW smoking prevention strategies and programs worked in practice, and WHY some programs seemed to influence youth smoking only in some settings or groups. Yet, such evidence is urgently needed to enable decision makers to use the resources available for smoking prevention in the most effective and equitable way.
We will generate such evidence by addressing these HOW and WHY questions in a comparative approach. For Finland, Ireland, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Portugal, we aim to assess HOW strategies and programs to prevent smoking in national and local settings affected smoking behaviour of 16 year olds. Moreover, we aim to assess HOW and WHY this impact varied according to city, school, gender, and socioeconomic group.
We will be among the first to apply the approach of “realist evaluation” to the evaluation of preventive programs, and to use this innovative approach to compare European countries. We will acquire primary data that are comparable across these countries, including a quantitative survey among 10,000+ students, and in-depth structured interviews with students and various stakeholders.
We expect to make a major contribution to the reduction of disease burden and health inequalities among future elderly populations. We will apply a new method for learning from different countries, and for generating the fine-grained evidence that is needed to develop youth smoking prevention programs that are context-sensitive, cost-effective and equity-oriented.

Coordinator

Academisch Medisch Centrum bij de Universiteit van Amsterdam

Address

Meibergdreef 9
1105az Amsterdam

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 427 028,75

Participants (11)

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UNIVERSITEIT MAASTRICHT

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 282 343,75

MARTIN-LUTHER-UNIVERSITAET HALLE-WITTENBERG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 363 218,75

UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 372 437,50

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 303 125

TAMPEREEN YLIOPISTO

Finland

TAMPEREEN KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 363 718,75

UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 367 968,75

ESCOLA NACIONAL DE SAUDE PUBLICA

Portugal

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI CASSINO E DEL LAZIO MERIDIONALE

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 154 687,50

TobaccoFree Research Institute Ireland LBG

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 253 125

EUROPEAN NETWORK FOR SMOKING PREVENTION

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 112 343,75

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 635056

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 October 2015

  • End date

    31 October 2018

Funded under:

H2020-EU.3.1.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 999 997,50

  • EU contribution

    € 2 999 997,50

Coordinated by:

Academisch Medisch Centrum bij de Universiteit van Amsterdam

Netherlands