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Reconstituting Autophagosome Biogenesis in vitro

Reconstituting Autophagosome Biogenesis in vitro

Objective

Autophagy is a catabolic pathway that delivers cytoplasmic material to lysosomes for degradation. Under vegetative conditions, the pathway serves as quality control system, specifically targeting damaged or superfluous organelles and protein-aggregates. Cytotoxic stresses and starvation, however, induces the formation of larger autophagosomes that capture cargo unselectively. Autophagosomes are being generated from a cup-shaped precursor membrane, the isolation membrane, which expands to engulf cytoplasmic components. Sealing of this structure gives rise to the double-membrane surrounded autophagosomes. Two interconnected ubiquitin (Ub)-like conjugation systems coordinate the expansion of autophagosomes by conjugating the autophagy related (Atg)-protein Atg8 to the isolation membrane. In an effort to unravel the function of Atg8, we reconstituted the system on model membranes in vitro and found that Atg8 forms together with the Atg12–Atg5-Atg16 complex a membrane scaffold which is required for productive autophagy in yeast. Humans possess seven Atg8-homologs and two mutually exclusive Atg16-variants. Here, we propose to investigate the function of the human Ub-like conjugation system using a fully reconstituted in vitro system. The spatiotemporal organization of recombinant fluorescent-labeled proteins with synthetic model membranes will be investigated using confocal and TIRF-microscopy. Structural information will be obtained by atomic force and electron microscopy. Mechanistic insights, obtained from the in vitro work, will be tested in vivo in cultured human cells. We belief that revealing 1) the function of the human Ub-like conjugation system in autophagy, 2) the functional differences of Atg8-homologs and the two Atg16-variants Atg16L1 and TECPR1 and 3) how Atg16L1 coordinates non-canonical autophagy will provide essential insights into the pathophysiology of cancer, neurodegenerative, and autoimmune diseases.
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Host institution

INSTITUT PASTEUR

Address

Rue Du Docteur Roux 25-28
75724 Paris Cedex 15

France

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 185 057,50

Beneficiaries (2)

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INSTITUT PASTEUR

France

EU Contribution

€ 1 185 057,50

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 314 668,50

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 638603

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 April 2015

  • End date

    31 March 2020

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 499 726

  • EU contribution

    € 1 499 726

Hosted by:

INSTITUT PASTEUR

France