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Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index: BACI

Objective

The alarming rate of biodiversity loss and ecosystem transitions make it clear that new strategies are required to sustain functioning of the coupled ecological-societal system. Existing space data archives and data streams from the ESA Sentinels, offer unprecedented opportunities to provide rapid, high quality indicators necessary for informed management of key ecosystem services. Yet, it remains largely unclear how space and ground-based observations can be optimally integrated to generate products required by end user communities (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2014). By fusing extensive expertise on optical and radar remote sensing, ground data on ecosystem state and function, “big data” scientists, and active participation of user groups, BACI will advance this integration. BACI will translate space data to new variables (not directly observable from space) that encode ecosystem functional properties and status metrics. This will empower concepts of “essential biodiversity variables”. Advanced machine learning methods will be employed to reveal new and fundamental relationships between space observations and ecosystem status. BACI will incorporate a wide range of original data and downstream data products specifically targeting needs for early-warning systems, including a novel “Biosphere-Atmosphere Change Index”. We will prioritize selected key European and African regions now undergoing massive societal-ecological transformations, offering perspective towards operational assessments. A formal attribution framework will disentangle climate-induced ecosystem changes and socioeconomic/ecological transformation processes. Overall, BACI will advance usage of European space data to monitor relevant vegetation traits, status, and ecosystem functioning. By capitalizing on existing datasets, we will prototype new algorithms to rapidly implement these metrics and thus space-to-ground integration of the new ESA Sentinels.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/data science/big data
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/remote sensing
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/artificial intelligence/machine learning

Call for proposal

H2020-EO-2014
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Germany
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 717 000

Participants (10)

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 290 000
Address
Via S Maria In Gradi 4
01100 Viterbo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EIDGENOSSICHEN FORSCHUNGSANSTALT FUR WALD SCHNEE UND LANDSCHAFT
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Zuercherstrasse 111
8903 Birmensdorf
Activity type
Research Organisations
FRIEDRICH-SCHILLER-UNIVERSITAT JENA
Germany
EU contribution
€ 588 875
Address
Furstengraben 1
07743 Jena
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 350 750
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 246 367,50
Address
Gower Street
WC1E 6BT London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT

Participation ended

Austria
EU contribution
€ 233 614,20
Address
Universitaetsstrasse 65-67
9020 Klagenfurt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AARHUS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 310 000
Address
Nordre Ringgade 1
8000 Aarhus C
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
REZATEC LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 175 625
Address
2 Chawley Park, Cunnor Hill
OX2 9GG Oxford
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 31 687,50
Address
Polaris House North Star Avenue
SN2 1FL Swindon
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITAET FUER BODENKULTUR WIEN
Austria
EU contribution
€ 53 939,55
Address
Gregor Mendel Strasse 33
1180 Wien
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments