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Innovative treatment process for biogenic waste and residual materials to manufacture compactedfuels as pellets or briquettes

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Res2Pel (Innovative treatment process for biogenic waste and residual materials to manufacture compactedfuels as pellets or briquettes)

Reporting period: 2015-02-01 to 2015-07-31

The main aim of this feasibility study is to present an overview of the methodology used to identify wet biomass waste streams in order to find potential markets for the promotion of the florafuel technology as an eco-innovative, resource-efficient treatment process for the biomass residues from agriculture or landscaping, reducing water content, harmful substances and inert material in the biomass fractions to produce a high-grade biomass fuel. The purpose of this study is to do a research about biomass streams in Europe and to find markets for promoting the florafuel plant as a treatment plant for suitable biomasses. In order to fulfil the objectives extensive research was done and the following tasks were carry out.
- Identification and characterisation of the supply side and main target countries for the florafuel process
- Identification and specification of potential customer profiles
- Creation of potential client groups with different bioenergy suppliers/producers (for example: agricultural, waste management, forestry, etc.)
- Developing of a market-study with summarising the currently supply and demand
- Establishing local distributions and set up partnerships in the detected main target countries
- Internal planning for the producing capacity (knowledge, employments, etc.)
- definition and implementation of the legal acceptance and safety regulations
- Definition of the requirements for the florafuel treatment plant for the commercialisation (CE- and DIN EN-certification, machinery directive, etc.)
- Developing of a business plan to determine the costs and revenue of the treatment system
Waste streams of the different EU countries were screened and it became obvious that there is a huge range of different definitions for several terms within the EU. Thus, standard definitions were sought and found in the system of the EWC-Stat (European Waste Code for Statistics).
With data from the Statistical Institute of the European Union (EUROSTAT), a gross selection was made within the waste stream categories defined under EWC-Stat: only streams/categories which were considered organic or partly organic were selected, resulting in the 13 waste stream categories. Subsequently, on one side, the data was used to identify the amounts of the selected waste streams in the current EU member states (28) and selected neighboring countries (e.g. Iceland, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey). But on the other side, each country was screened more carefully to identify the sectors in which the waste streams are produced. These sectors are defined in the NACE Rev. 2 (Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne).
The waste streams/categories that are organic or partly organic and therefore potential input streams for the florafuel treatment plant were define and their generated amounts assessed. The resulting data was cross linked with the data on waste generating sectors from NACE-2. Sources and quantities of their origin and their current way of disposal or recycling will be named, respectively.
The potential waste categories were defined and their generated amounts per country have been shown graphically, as well as the amounts of the disposed fractions.
To further evaluate more in detail the potential of the different waste streams, the resulting data will be cross linked with the data on waste generating sectors from NACE-2. Sources and quantities of their origin and their current way of disposal or recycling will be named, respectively.
Before cross-linking the data, the waste streams selected were re-examined, to analyses only the most applicable streams for the florafuel process. Therefore, we excluded several streams due to the listed reasons in the deliverable. The remaining short-list of waste streams was analysed in more detail in the chapters. However, due to the broad definitions given by the European Commission (see 1.2); it is not possible to determine shares of single fractions in each waste stream. For a final evaluation and a selection of the most suitable biomass waste streams which should be processed with the florafuel technology further information should be compiled. This was done by a detailed literature research of analysis data for the selected biomass waste streams (digestate, biomass from garden prunings, organic fraction of municipal solid waste, vegetable waste from markets or similar waste). The biomass was characterised for two main reasons: to evaluate its suitability for the florafuel process and to provide the possibility to describe the change in the composition of the solid fuel after the treatment process.
Identified markets and suitable biomass waste streams for the treatment in florafuel technology in determine countries in Europe. Furthermore the requirements of the florafuel treatment plant for a commercialisation were defined.
Based on the identified market, biomass streams, countries, requirements (legal acceptance and safety) etc. the florafuel Treatment should be established in the market and provide high-grade fuels from wet biomass streams in an eco-innovative as well as resource-efficient Treatment process.
As the feasibility study showed are there 13 potential waste streams which contain an organic fraction available in the EU countries. From these streams the five most potential and suitable streams where chosen to be utilized with the florafuel technology. The evaluation was depending on the volume of the waste stream, the established usage as well as the suitability for the florafuel technology. As final conclusion we can state that we selected the following five biomass waste streams as most suitable for the florafuel treatment technology: Green waste/garden prunings; organic fraction of municipal solid waste; food market waste/vegetable waste; animal faeces, urine and manure and digestate residue from biogas production.
The same procedure was done for the selection of the most suitable countries for the application of the florafuel treatment technology, which was mostly depending on the generation of the various waste streams for the years 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010. Furthermore also the disposal of selected waste streams in the EU countries for this time was taken into account, as well as the difference between the non-hazardous and hazardous waste fractions and the share of generating NACE sectors. As final conclusion we can state that we selected the following five EU countries as most promising for the application of the florafuel treatment technology: Germany, France, Spain, United Kingdom and Italy.
florafuel briquettes
florafuel pellets