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Training Network for the Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles

Objective

Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles ((H)EVs) are essential for the transition towards sustainable e-mobility. The permanent magnets in motors/generators of (H)EVs are either NdFeB or SmCo magnets, which contain large quantities of rare earths, which are critical metals with the highest supply risk for Europe. As highlighted by the European Rare Earths Competency Network, recycling of rare-earth magnets from (H)EVs should receive top priority. Reclaiming of rare-earth magnet motors/generators used in (H)EVs is a major challenge because the magnets are difficult to remove from the assemblies. The conventional hydrometallurgical routes for the recovery of rare earths from End-of-Life permanent magnets have a high environmental impact due to inefficient use of chemicals, whereas the conventional pyrometallurgical routes for the production of magnet master alloys are energy-inefficient. DEMETER, the European Training Network for the Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles, concurrently develops (1) innovative, environmentally-friendly direct and indirect recycling strategies for the permanent magnets in the motors and generators of (H)EVs that are currently already on the market and (2) design-for-reuse solutions for motors and generators in the (H)EVs of the future. An intersectoral and interdisciplinary consortium of leading EU universities, research institutes and manufacturers from the automotive and magnet sector trains 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs). The research challenges include the development of hydrogen-based grain-refinement technologies to produce nanograin magnets directly from scrap magnets, the recovery of rare earths from SmCo and NdFeB magnets of motors/generators by ionometallurgical methods, and the design of motors/generators with reusable magnets, where the designs are based on 2D and 3D flux paths as well as non-traditional materials.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport/electric vehicles
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/recycling
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/metals

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-ITN-ETN - European Training Networks

Coordinator

KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN
Address
Oude Markt 13
3000 Leuven
Belgium
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 002 240

Participants (6)

INSTITUT JOZEF STEFAN
Slovenia
EU contribution
€ 704 992,68
Address
Jamova 39
1000 Ljubljana
Activity type
Research Organisations
THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 546 575,76
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AALBORG UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 290 081,88
Address
Fredrik Bajers Vej 7K
9220 Aalborg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE
France
EU contribution
€ 262 875,60
Address
Avenue Felix Viallet 46
38031 Grenoble Cedex 1
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
MAGNETI LJUBLJANA PODJETJE ZA PROIZVODNJO MAGNETNIH MATERIALOV DD
Slovenia
EU contribution
€ 469 995,12
Address
Stegne 37
1000 Ljubljana
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
VALEO EQUIPEMENTS ELECTRIQUES MOTEUR SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 525 751,20
Address
2 Rue Andre Boulle
94000 Creteil
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

Partners (4)

LESS COMMON METALS LIMITED
United Kingdom
Address
Unit 2 Hooton Park, North Road
CH65 1BL Ellesmere Port
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
GRANTA DESIGN LTD
United Kingdom
Address
Clifton Road 62 Rustat House
CB1 7EG Cambridge
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
ECOLE NATIONALE SUPERIEURE D'INGENIEURS DE CAEN
France
Address
Boulevard Marechal Juin 6
14050 Caen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA
Italy
Address
Strada Torino 50
10043 Orbassano
Activity type
Research Organisations