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  • Effect of 4500bar injection pressure and super-critical phase change of surrogate and real-world fuels enriched with additives and powering Diesel engines on soot emissions reduction

Effect of 4500bar injection pressure and super-critical phase change of surrogate and real-world fuels enriched with additives and powering Diesel engines on soot emissions reduction

From 2015-09-01 to 2019-08-31, ongoing project | IPPAD Website

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 3 928 243,32

EU contribution:

EUR 3 928 243,32

Coordinated in:

United Kingdom

Call for proposal:

H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015See other projects for this call

Funding scheme:

MSCA-ITN-ETN - European Training Networks

Objective

Deliverables

  • Soot measurements in metallic engines

    The effect of high pressure injection, fuel properties and additive concentration will be tested in real engines. Tests will include surrogate fuels, summer Diesel and low-quality Diesel enriched with the additives under investigation.

  • Supercritical spray characterisation of non-additised fuels

    Parallel to the near-nozzle studies, imaging and LIEF will characterise the macroscopic development and mixing under supercritical conditions for clean and aged injectors and for pressures up to 4,5000bar; initially measurements will be performed for the three base fuels.

  • Nozzle flow simulations for clean injectors

    SAFT EoS for the three base fuels and the additive combinations will be implemented in the CFD code of CITY in order to determine friction-induced heating, cavitation and boiling effects occurring during realistic injection events. The initial task will be validation against the experimental data of ESR2 for clean injectors.

  • DNS studies for surfactant activity

    Identification of physically sound constituent laws (surfactant-surface-tension relation) for realistic fuel compositions and additives and formulation of numerical models for surfactant transport at the vapor-liquid interface, numerical validation for simple gas-bubbles in liquid, followed by formulation of surface tension models with a generalized-Riemann-solver framework for conservative interface-interaction models, and validation for single-bubble growth and collapse configurations.

  • Supercritical atomisation visualisation for pilot injection events

    High energy X-rays at ANL will characterise initially the liquid/vapour distribution inside the nozzle’s sac volume for different fuels/additives both for clean and aged injectors with deposits. High speed imaging in CVC will then characterise the liquid atomisation near the nozzle exit for pilot injection events, aiming to link the amorphous ligaments formed at the nozzle exit with the nozzle geometry/flow.

  • Soot formation in vapour fuel burners

    A Diesel fuel vaporiser and burner will be initially designed, allowing for quantification of ‘soot reducer’ additives to be quantified independently, as atomisation, phase-change and mixing processes will be bypassed. Soot measurements will be performed using LII, wide-angle light scattering, SMPS and TEM.

  • Implementation of real fluid EoS into IFPEN code

    sub-critical atomisation, will be extended on the basis of the SAFT EoS for the liquid phase and real-gas EoS for the air/vapour phases to multi-component fuels with/without additives at supercritical conditions.

Publications

Coordinator

CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 546 575,76


NORTHAMPTON SQUARE
EC1V 0HB LONDON
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

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Participants

FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAET ERLANGEN NUERNBERG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 747 649,44


SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
91054 ERLANGEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

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LUNDS UNIVERSITET
Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 527 318,64


Paradisgatan 5c
22100 LUND
Sweden
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

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TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 249 216,48


Arcisstrasse 21
80333 MUENCHEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

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IFP Energies nouvelles
France

EU contribution: EUR 525 751,20


AVENUE DE BOIS PREAU 1 & 4
92500 RUEIL MALMAISON
France
Activity type: Research Organisations

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AFTON CHEMICAL LIMITED
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 546 575,76


LONDON ROAD
RG12 2UW LONDON BERKSHIRE
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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PERKINS ENGINES COMPANY LTD
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 273 287,88


EASTFIELD
PE1 5NA PETERBOROUGH
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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AVL LIST GMBH
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 511 868,16


HANS-LIST-PLATZ 1
8020 GRAZ
Austria
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Partner organisations

Caterpilar Fuel systems
United States
Pontiac
United States
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Volvo Cars Corporation
Sweden
Göteborg
Sweden
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Renault Cars
France
Paris
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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BP International Ltd
United Kingdom
CHERTSEY ROAD
TW16 7BP SUNBURY ON THAMES
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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OMV Refining&Marketing
Austria
TRABRENNSTRASSE 6 8
1020 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Sandia National Laboratories
United States
EUBANK SOUTHEAST 1515
87185 1382 Albuquerque
United States
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Argonne National Laboratory
United States
9700 S. Cass Avenue
Argonne
United States
Activity type: Research Organisations

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Virginia Commonweath University
United States
Richmond
United States
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Arizona University
United States
Tucson
United States
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Shanghai Jiaotong University
China
Shanghai
China
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Tokyo Densu University
Japan
Tokyo
Japan
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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Kora Advanced Institute of Technology
South Korea
Daejeon
South Korea
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

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