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PLAtform for Climate Adaptation and Risk reDuction

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - PLACARD (PLAtform for Climate Adaptation and Risk reDuction)

Reporting period: 2018-06-01 to 2019-11-30

There is an overlap between activities of the Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) communities. Both aim to reduce negative impacts of climate change and disasters, on the natural environment, human society and economies by anticipating risks and uncertainties and by addressing vulnerabilities (Mitchell et al. 2010). However, each field does so through different actors and institutions, and with different time horizons, research methodologies, policy frameworks and patterns in mind (Schipper & Pelling 2006). These differences can lead to suboptimal strategies and duplicated research funding programmes. As climate change is likely to make extreme events more frequent and intense, it becomes paramount to mainstream CCA and DRR into both development practice and planning at the sub-national, national and international levels.
PLACARD’s vision is to become a recognized platform associated with high quality dialogue, knowledge exchange and collaboration between CCA and DRR communities. In a landscape where there is a large and complex variety of stakeholder networks, research, policy initiatives and sources of information and knowledge, PLACARD is a hub for activities to enhance the coherence and give direction to CCA and DRR research, policy and practices, to strengthen cooperation in these domains and counter the ongoing process of fragmentation.
The PLACARD concept (Figure 1) follows three key principles:
1. Provide a common ‘space’ where CCA and DRR communities can come together, share knowledge and experiences and create opportunities for collaboration;
2. Facilitate communication, information and knowledge exchange between both communities and at the science-policy-practice interface;
3. Support the coordination and coherence of CCA and DRR research, policy and practices.

Figure 1 - PLACARD concept for increasing the coordination between CCA and DRR research, policy and practice.

More specifically, PLACARD's objectives are:

• Establish a focal point for networks of CCA and DRR stakeholder groups and initiatives at the international, European, national and sub-national scales
• Create a common ‘space’ to facilitate dialogue and consultation among stakeholders and initiatives
• Design effective science, policy and practice dialogues
• Take stock of the CCA and DRR decision-making context
• Facilitate and guide knowledge exchange and mobilisation between CCA and DRR
• Strengthen CCA and DRR institutions and give direction to policy-practice agendas
• Streamline the dissemination and implementation of ongoing and evolving research and innovation activities on CCA and DRR across scales

Mitchell T., van Aalst M., Villanueva P.S. (2010). Assessing Progress on Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Development Processes. Strengthening Climate Resilience Discussion. Paper 2, Institute of Development Studies 2010.
Schipper L., Pelling M. (2006). Disaster risk, climate change and international development: scope for, and challenges to, integration. Disasters, 2006, 30(1): 9−38.
Overall a total of 26 Milestones and 20 Deliverables were finalised since the start of the project up until the end of the third reporting period. Considering all the reporting periods, the project organised or co-organised a total of 42 dialogues, including one major European conference (European Climate Change Adaptation Conference - ECCA 2019), workshops, webinars, sessions in conferences and online discussions. The dialogues were organised considering a set of relevant topics for both CCA and DRR. These were identified in PLACARD CCA and DRR Coordination Agenda (D1.1) and in the different discussions with relevant CCA and DRR actors. These dialogues were supported by translate background materials to facilitate the exchange of knowledge between different sub-communities (D3.3) with the second set of materials having been released in May 2019. The first evolving issue brief (D3.4) was published and submitted in February 2017, providing a summary of the challenges for CCA and DRR collaboration within selected topics that have been explored by the project. A second issue was published in June 2019.
The Legacy analysis framework (MS19) was finalised in October 2018, and the Legacy dialogues (MS20) took place in May and September 2019. Deliverable D5.2 “Legacy evidence and concept report“ and Deliverable D5.3 “Policy briefs and associated presentations from legacy dialogue“ were respectively submited in January and April 2019. Deliverable D6.4 i.e. “Dynamic and interactive network visualisation of the evolving CCA and DRR landscape“, which was slightly delayed but nonetheless successfully delivered during this third reporting period, in April 2019. This corresponds to PLACARD Connectivity Hub and is one of the major outputs of the project
PLACARD website and intranet portals continue to be active (D6.1) as well as a detailed communication and dissemination plan (D6.2) and an associated annual report (D6.3).
The expected results of PLACARD are:
• A platform for organizing consultations and facilitating dialogue among different Stakeholders groups;
• Synergies and increased cooperation among EU, Member-State and internationally funded CCA and DRR initiatives;
• Better dissemination of R&I activities in CCA and DRR; improved accessibility to information and knowledge;
• Increased uptake of foresight issues;
• Improved science, policy and practice communication and exchange of information and knowledge.
The achievement of expected results has been focusing on the strengthening of the coordination needs of the CCA and DRR science-policy-practice interfaces. Support has been be provided through the facilitation of dialogues and close cooperation among international, European, national and sub-national institutions and networks. In these 54 months, 42 dialogues were (co-)organised, which surpasses the 16 identified for the full project. The main event organised during this third reporting period was ECCA 2019, which took place in Lisbon between the 28th and the 31st of May 2019. ECCA 2019 was organised by PLACARD with two other H2020 projects: BINGO and RESCCUE. This conference had a strong focus on the importance of active interaction between the CCA and DRR communities, promoting dialogue and inspiring collaborative action between different key actors such as governments, policy-makers, practitioners, academia, businesses and youth.
Participation in other major scientific, policy and practice forums, like “Adaptation Futures” in 2018 and the “European Urban Resilience Forum” in 2019, have also contributed to establish contact with a variety of stakeholders, operating at different governance and geographical levels.
PLACARD concept for increasing the coordination between CCA and DRR research, policy and practice