Periodic Reporting for period 1 - PRIGeoC (Partnership for Research in Geopolymer Concretes)
Reporting period: 2016-06-01 to 2018-05-31
• 15 researchers were directly involved in the knowledge exchange and training.
• Organised the mid-term meeting (in Liverpool) on November 6-7, 2017.
• Organised three workshops (one in Ho Chi Minh City, August 4, 2016; one in Bangkok, December 15, 2017; one in Ho Chi Minh City, April 29, 2018).
• 4 journal papers published and another 4 are submitted.
• 4 conference papers were published.
List of publications:
 C.Y. Heah, Y.M. Liew, A.M. Mustafa Al Bakri, H. Kamarudin (2017): Thermal resistance variations of fly-ash geopolymers: foaming responses. Scientific Reports 7 (DOI: 10.1038/srep45355) 1-11.
 Y.M. Liew, C.Y. Heah, L.Y. Li, N.A. Jaya, M.M.A.B. Abdullah,T.S. Jin, & K. Hussin (2017): Formation of one-part-mixing geopolymers and geopolymer ceramics from geopolymer powder. Construction and Building Materials 156, 9-18.
 T. Phoo-ngernkham, S. Hanjitsuwan, L.Y. Li, N. Damrongwiriyanupap & P. Chindaprasirt (2018): Adhesion characterisation of Portland cement concrete and alkali-activated binders. Advances in Cement Research. (https://doi.org/10.1680/jadcr.17.00122).
 S. Hanjitsuwan, T. Phoo-ngernkham, L.Y. Li, N. Damrongwiriyanupap & P. Chindaprasirt (2018): Strength development and durability of alkali-activated fly ash mortar with calcium carbide residue as additive. Construction and Building Materials 162, 714-723.
 Cong Tang, Shudong Li, Lisa Li, James Ren, Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, “FE modelling of Auxetic behaviours and applications in civil and engineering materials”, Int'l Conference on New Materials and Applications (NMA 2017), Guilin, China, July 20 to 22, 2017. (LJMU, Tsinghua and Malaysia partners).
 Yue Huang, Shamala Ramasamy, “Correlation between Hardness and Water Absorption Properties of Geopolymer Coating using Saudi Kaolin and White Clay”, the 2nd World Congress on Biopolymers 04-05 August 2016 in Manchester, UK.
 Yue Huang, Nattapong Damrongwiriyanupap, “Mechanical Properties of Fly Ash Geopolymer Mortar Containing Recycled Glass”, the 7th International Conference on Geotechnique, Construction Materials and Environment, 21-24 November 2017 in Mie, Japan.
 Cong Tang, , Lisa Li, Changan Wang, Glynn Rothwell, Jin Wang and James Ren, “Use of Statistical Methods in predicting structures with Auxetic Behaviours”, 9th International Conference on Auxetics and Related Systems, Sheffield, 10th to 13th September 2018.
We have so far made 59.67 secondment months (the total secondment months planned for this project in 4 years are 115 months), delivered three workshops, published 8 journal papers, and presented 4 papers in conferences. The project so far involved 15 researchers, most of them are PhD research students or early career researchers. As the outcomes of this project, UniMAP has been awarded two international research collaboration grants from UK Royal Society, and UniPho has been awarded a Newton Fund grant from UK Royal Academy of Engineering for an academic-industry joint research project.
Geopolymer represents an innovative technology that is generating considerable interest in the construction industry, particularly in light of the ongoing emphasis on sustainability. The proposed project aims to develop green and sustainable concretes by using novel geopolymer materials as the new binder and recycled concrete as part of the aggregates. The research work covers not only the finding of novel geopolymers, which can be used as binders in concrete, but also provides long-term performance and durability data for geopolymer concretes used in different environments. Thus, the research has a great scientific impact on our understanding of how the geopolymer concrete structures perform in various different environments and conditions and how their mechanical properties and performance can be improved by using the correct mixing processes. The project will also make a significant contribution to our society by developing innovative, sustainable and robust concrete products which use novel geopolymers as binders and recycled concrete as part of aggregates, and have improved performance when compared to OPC concrete, which will benefit to our public because the expanded use of green concrete in the construction industry can help to mitigate global warming and climate change.