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Operational Network of Individual Observation Nodes

Objective

Two trends have recently emerged in space systems and could even further strengthen in the future: small satellites, with the development of key modularisation and miniaturisation technologies, and the deployment of constellations and distributed networks of satellites. It is of primordial importance for Europe to properly analyse those trends and determine whether or not they could provide a competitive advantage for Earth Observation (EO) systems.
To address those challenges, “Operational Network of Individual Observation Nodes,” (ONION) investigates the distribution of spacecraft functionalities into multiple cooperating nodes, leveraging on the emerging fractionated and federated satellite system concepts. The proposed concept provides augmentation, supplementation, and possibilities of new mission for future EO Missions (for science and commercial applications).
ONION objectives:
1. Review the emerging fractionated and federated observation system concepts
2. Identify potential benefits to be obtained in light of observation needs in different Earth Observation domains
3. Identify key required technology challenges entailed by the emerging fractionated and federated satellite system concepts, to be faced in Horizon 2021-2027
4. Validate observation needs with the respective user communities to be fit for purpose in terms of scientific and commercial applications
5: To propose an overall strategy and technical guidelines to implement such concepts at Horizon 2021-2027
ONION will confirm the feasibility of the first established concepts to respond to the identified needs through use-cases. The baseline of the concept consists to supplementing current mission profiles with missing observation bands, augmenting mission lifetimes, and ultimately sharing the capabilities across multiple spacecraft platforms. ONION will enable mission designers and implementers to decide which fractionated and federated concepts will provide competitive imaging from space.
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Coordinator

THALES ALENIA SPACE FRANCE

Address

Avenue Jean Francois Champollion 26
31100 Toulouse

France

Activity type

Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

EU Contribution

€ 539 745

Participants (7)

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THALES ALENIA SPACE ESPANA, SA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 304 700

DEIMOS ENGENHARIA S.A.

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 475 625

ACRI-ST SAS

France

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

UNIVERSITAT POLITECNICA DE CATALUNYA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

SKOLKOVO INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Russia

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

POLITECHNIKA WARSZAWSKA

Poland

EU Contribution

€ 200 000

SPACETEC PARTNERS SPRL

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 228 750

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 687490

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 January 2016

  • End date

    31 December 2017

Funded under:

H2020-EU.2.1.6.

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 598 820

  • EU contribution

    € 2 498 820

Coordinated by:

THALES ALENIA SPACE FRANCE

France