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Developing Cryogenic Energy Storage at Refrigerated Warehouses as an Interactive Hub to Integrate Renewable Energy in Industrial Food Refrigeration and to Enhance PowerGrid Sustainability

Developing Cryogenic Energy Storage at Refrigerated Warehouses as an Interactive Hub to Integrate Renewable Energy in Industrial Food Refrigeration and to Enhance PowerGrid Sustainability

Objective

The CryoHub innovation project will investigate and extend the potential of large-scale Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES) and will apply the stored energy for both cooling and energy generation. By employing Renewable Energy Sources (RES) to liquefy and store cryogens, CryoHub will balance the power grid, while meeting the cooling demand of a refrigerated food warehouse and recovering the waste heat from its equipment and components.
The intermittent supply is a major obstacle to the RES power market. In reality, RES are fickle forces, prone to over-producing when demand is low and failing to meet requirements when demand peaks. Europe is about to generate 20% of its required energy from RES by 2020, so that the proper RES integration poses continent-wide challenges.
The Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES), and particularly the Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES), is a promising technology enabling on-site storage of RES energy during periods of high generation and its use at peak grid demand. Thus, CES acts as Grid Energy Storage (GES), where cryogen is boiled to drive a turbine and to restore electricity to the grid. To date, CES applications have been rather limited by the poor round trip efficiency (ratio between energies spent for and retrieved from energy storage) due to unrecovered energy losses.
The CryoHub project is therefore designed to maximise the CES efficiency by recovering energy from cooling and heating in a perfect RES-driven cycle of cryogen liquefaction, storage, distribution and efficient use. Refrigerated warehouses for chilled and frozen food commodities are large electricity consumers, possess powerful installed capacities for cooling and heating and waste substantial amounts of heat. Such facilities provide the ideal industrial environment to advance and demonstrate the LAES benefits.
CryoHub will thus resolve most of the above-mentioned problems at one go, thereby paving the way for broader market prospects for CES-based technologies across Europe.

Coordinator

LONDON SOUTH BANK UNIVERSITY LBG

Address

Borough Road 103
Se10aa London

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 2 151 103,13

Participants (15)

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PSUTEC SPRL

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 104 336,75

L AIR LIQUIDE SA

France

EU Contribution

€ 2 161 732,24

FUNDACION CENER-CIEMAT

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 411 625

CRANFIELD UNIVERSITY

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 127 031,25

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE EN SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES POUR L'ENVIRONNEMENT ET L'AGRICULTURE

France

EU Contribution

€ 521 250

TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF SOFIA

Bulgaria

EU Contribution

€ 380 000

TPG DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 67 494

CARBON DATA RESOURCES LTD

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 157 034,50

ITP NV

Belgium

INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DU FROID

France

EU Contribution

€ 121 250

NV MAYEKAWA EUROPE SA

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 385 300,13

EUREC EESV

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 95 375

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 187 388,75

INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 102 393,38

FRIGOLOGIX

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 72 280,25

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 691761

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 April 2016

  • End date

    30 September 2019

Funded under:

H2020-EU.3.3.

  • Overall budget:

    € 8 349 974,54

  • EU contribution

    € 7 045 594,38

Coordinated by:

LONDON SOUTH BANK UNIVERSITY LBG

United Kingdom