We conducted an integrative research on error by exploring the diffuse or tensional themes in existing research and the possible consequences of these conflicts, with a goal of potentially bridging diverse disciplinary backgrounds and methodological approaches. We performed a keyword search in databases (e.g. Business Source Complete, ISI Web of Science, PsycInfo, ProQuest, and EBSCO) and in top management, organizational behavior (OB), and applied psychology journals (according to the Web of Science Journal Citation Report, 2014). Our key research words included “error(s)”, “mistake(s)”, “latent errors”, “error taxonomy”, “error training”, “error management”, “learning from error(s)”, “error orientation”, “error culture”, “individual error(s)”, “team error(s)”, and “organizational error(s)”. We developed an integrative theory of errors in organizations by identifying discrepancies, tensional issues, and opportunities for research synthesis via level of analysis, temporal, and priority lenses.