Periodic Reporting for period 1 - Ex Anatolia lux (Ex Anatolia lux. The Linguistic Origins of Europe: Word-formation and Lexicon in Anatolian and Core Indo-European.)
Reporting period: 2016-10-01 to 2018-09-30
The overall objectives of the project are three: a. to establish the relationship between the Anatolian languages of the second and first millennium BCE with respect to the common inherited as well as the innovative morphological and lexical material with the intention of covering the Proto-Anatolian state of affairs. b. to demonstrate how and to what extent a systematic classification and comparison of the word-formation and lexical development of Anatolian and the other IE languages respectively can enhance the understanding of the first phases of IE after the disintegration of PIE. c. to provide linguistic foundation for the archaeological results concerning the chronology of the last phase of PIE.
The linguistic results of my project support that Anatolian first split off from the Proto-Indo-European language. Furthermore, it suggests that the semantic developments of Anatolian find in some cases a parallel in Core IE languages and sometimes in Tocharian. This gives new material to the hypothesis that Tocharian may be the second branch to split off from PIE. However, other cases show a close behaviour between Tocharian and other Indo-European languages and different from Anatolian.
Moreover, the project has contributed to the identification of new linguistic aspects shared by Europe and Turkey in prehistoric and protohistoric times, which is of extreme interest for the reconstruction of the arrival of the Indo-Europea peoples into Euroasia and of their mobility. The project's results will be useful to researchers in several fields such as linguistics, archaeology, history, philology.