Periodic Reporting for period 1 - NIR-BIO-FLU (Bio-conjugatable and Bio-responsive Near Infrared Fluorochromes)
Reporting period: 2016-03-01 to 2018-02-28
Boron-chelated aza-dipyrromethenes (NIR-AZA) is an easily synthesizable novel NIR-fluorophore class with suitable properties, as strong absorptions and emissions within the NIR spectral, highly photostability and good quantum yields, to be employed in biological imaging (Figure 1). Consider the above mentioned, the objectives of this project involve:
1. Synthesis and characterization of new bio-responsive and bionconjugable NIR-AZA
2. Desing and synthesis of NIR-AZA to assist in the lymphnode detection.
3. Develop new cell membrane responsive NIR-Fluorescent probe
4. Delopvement of new strategies for the synthesis of NIR-AZA
At the same time that we carried out the main objective of the project, we developed a new water-soluble NIR-AZA fluorophore with excellent photophysical characteristics including substituent determined emission maxima between 675 and 800 nm, high quantum yields and exceptional photostability (Figure 4). These properties have allowed it to be directly translatable from in vitro live cell imaging to in vivo imaging including the potential for clinical applications in fluorescence-guided surgery. The specifical design of this water-soluble NIR-AZA fluorophore with inherent absorption and emission max wavelengths in the 695-730 nm range can be utilised for real-time cell membrane imaging with the emission signal being turned on due to cell membrane interaction and when formulated using a clinically used insipient can give rise to micellar confined J aggregates with emission wavelength maxima beyond 800 nm which be used for in vivo small animal imaging and lymph node mapping using clinical imaging instrumentation.
To expand our knowledge in the uses f NIR-fluorophores for real-imaging fluorescence, we developed novel dimethyl-amino substituted NIR-AZA (Figure 5) with photophysical properties in the spectral region required for
small animal research and clinical use(> 780 nm). Preliminary assessments with commonly used research and clinical instrumentation clearly illustrate its suitability for use with these imaging devices. Positive fluorescent tattooing and lymphatic imaging results in ex vivo human colonic tissue specimens show, for the first time, the clinical potential of the NIR-AZA fluorophore class. This proof-of-concept our study illustrates how dimethylamino substitution of NIR-AZA fluorophores can provide the spectral wavelengths from which new medical and surgical imaging procedures may emerge.
Finally, we developed a new adaptable and versatile approach for the synthesis of new water-soluble 1,9-alkyl NIR-AZA with low lipophilicity, suitable for being covalently attached to different biomolecules, making them an innovative tool for real-time imaging (Figure 6). Considering this aspect, the development of new strategies to obtain new NIR-fluorophores, which allow us to control and/or modify their behaviour, is one of the current challenges.The advances in this field would mean an improvement in the tools for detection and treatment of different types of cancer.These exceptional outcomes will be communicated in high-impact peer reviewed journals such as Nature Commun., Angew. Chemie Int. Ed., J. Am. Chem. Soc, or Chem. Eur. Jo, where the O'Shea group regularly publish their achievements. In accordance with RCSI policy on Open Acess, they will be deposit in the repository. Dr Durán will attend conferences within specific area, such as Photo IUPAC celebrated on July of 2018 (July).