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Energy for Smart Objects

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - EnSO (Energy for Smart Objects)

Reporting period: 2018-01-01 to 2018-12-31

The goal of EnSO is to develop and consolidate a unique European ecosystem in the field of autonomous micro energy sources supporting Electronic European industry to develop innovative products, in particular in IoT markets, through a drastic innovative solution of energy storage.
EnSO objectives are:
• Obj 1: demonstrate the competitiveness of EnSO energy solutions for powering the autonomous Smart Objects of the targeted Smart Society, Smart Health, Smart Mobility and Smart Production key applications.
• Obj 2: disseminate EnSO energy solutions with easy to use demonstration kits, and support autonomous smart objects prototyping in a large number of use cases, to foster the take-up of emerging markets.
• Obj 3: develop high reliability assembly technologies of shapeable micro batteries, energy harvester and power conditioning building blocks for Autonomous Micro Energy Sources “AMES”.
• Obj 4: develop and demonstrate very high capacity and very high density, low profile, shapeable, long life time, rechargeable micro battery product family.
• Obj 5: develop customizable smart recharge and energy harvesting enabling technologies with adequate power conditioner IP blocks for Autonomous Micro Energy Source “AMES”.
• Obj 6: demonstrate and evaluate the AMES design and manufacturing capability based on generic key enabling building blocks (storage, harvesting and power conditioning) for smart autonomous micro-systems.
EnSO will bring to market innovative Autonomous Micro Energy Sources (AMES, see figure attached) that will bring definitive differentiation to the autonomous smart systems of the targeted applications. EnSO AMES generic building block technologies will be customizable. As large volume market segments are targeted, EnSO manufacturing challenges will develop high throughput processes that will be versatile enough to produce at the targeted competitive cost customized AMES.
Main results achieved so far from the beginning of the project are:

Obj1/2: EnSO Smart Objects requirements have been continuously worked, to optimize their energy needs and provide detailed specifications. A generation 2 of the generic Non Form Factor demonstrator is now available and under testing. 4 Form factors were designed. Two use-cases will be substituted. A detailed exploitation plan with quantitative data such as TAM, SAM and market share information is now available.
Obj3: Current assembly and packaging technologies and capabilities were listed and expanded to a pilot line level. Equipment and industrial pilot line is setup and has started to be build. ACF assembly line, inkjet print is further developed, as well as the introduction of new interconnection and conductive inks. Industrial equipment and materials are ready or under development to be used for 2018 demonstrators.
Obj4: A new cycling reliability model for currently available HV0 variant has been developed. Based on experimental results, this model enables to predict lifetime regarding specific use case characteristics. High Throughput processes have been investigated: wet processes are the most promising and development will continue. New materials (electrolyte, negative electrodes) exhibit expected performances.
Obj5: Test kits comprised of harvester and power management were built and provided. The technical feasibility of the required harvesters for the applications is studied presently and design goals are formulated.
Obj6: Requirements from end users analysis versus technology building blocks have been refined considering energy budget and harvesting opportunities. More than 500 batteries and 28 effective Generation 2 AMES have been produced.
EnSO AMES generic building block technologies will be customizable (choice of rechargeable micro battery product family, choice of harvesting technology and power conditioners IP blocks, shapeable and conformable/flexible low profile packaging). As large volume market segments are targeted, EnSO manufacturing challenges will develop high throughput processes that will be versatile enough to produce at the targeted competitive cost customized AMES.
With regards to project objectives, EnSO progress beyond State of the Art are:
Obj1: Provide the end users of EnSO with a “sustainable competitiveness tool box”, which will enable them to determine the balance criteria between cost, use case and value perception. In other words, EnSO will respond to a need (use case) by bringing value (value perception) at the proper price level (cost).
Obj 2: Develop several AMES boards using different types of energy harvestings, smart recharge circuits, rechargeable solid state batteries and power conditioning IC’s. This development platform includes all the test boards needed to develop rapidly a microsystem (Microcontroller, radio IC, Sensor, power conditioner, etc...) and can be built as fast and simple as “a Lego game “.
Obj 3: Go beyond the current state of the art by developing an AMES module and the underlying integration technologies that is ready for industrial manufacturing and use in real end products. It will fully integrated advanced thin and flexible Printed Electronics (PE) AMES modules.
Obj 4: Reach TRL8 qualification of micro batteries that fulfil the requirements of EnSo End Users partners.
Obj 5: Focus development efforts on thermoelectric, photovoltaic and piezoelectric approaches, aiming to demonstrate industrial feasibilities through demonstrator making and cost-effective process development.
Obj 6: Align various key enabling building blocks specifications, in order to serve a maximum of Smart Objects requirements with a minimum set of manufacturing routes. Then, EnSO project will evaluate the AMES volume manufacturing capability, in terms of devices performances (capacity, reliability) as well as industrial performances (testability, yield, throughput and cost).
To achieve this objective, EnSO will combine the advanced industrial relevant capabilities of the pilot lines in the scope of the project: micro battery pilot line, PV pilot line, thermal harvester pilot line, mechanical harvester pilot line, printed substrate pilot line, heterogeneous assembly pilot line.

3 direct key impact areas are foreseen in developing this European eco system:
- Exploitation of new materials and equipment,
- Exploitation of solid state micro batteries, energy harvesting, smart wireless charging technologies and AMES,
- Exploitation of Smart Object in several key application areas (Smart Society (secure authentication wearable and display card, supported by GEMALTO, electronic Seal and meter supervisor, supported by GNF, smart lock, supported by OJMAR, and wearable sensor, supported by EVALAN) , Smart Health (smart eyewear, supported by OPHTIMALIA, hearing aids, supported by GNHEARING, chronic diseases management sensor, supported by Maastricht Instruments and bruxisme treatment splint supported by Maastricht University), Smart Mobility and Smart Production key applications (indoor localisation and navigation support, supported by AED engineering, autonomous sensor nodes, supported by AIRBUS, industrial asset monitoring, supported by EDITAG, autonomous condition monitoring for bearings supported by SKF and people & objects tracking supported by ALPWISE).
GEN 2 presentation
AMES concept presentation