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Safe Cooperating Cyber-Physical Systems using Wireless Communication

Periodic Reporting for period 3 - SafeCOP (Safe Cooperating Cyber-Physical Systems using Wireless Communication)

Reporting period: 2018-04-01 to 2019-06-30

"The SafeCOP project is targeting the next generation infrastructure for autonomous systems, specifically, safe and secure systems-of-such-systems.
SafeCOP addresses safety-related Cooperating Cyber-Physical Systems (CO-CPS), in particular cooperation that relies on wireless communication to perform a safety-relevant function, with security issues as a secondary concern, and that i) use inter-system communication to reach a common goal; ii) only rely on communicated information from other systems in order to ensure safe and/or efficient operation; iii) provide services without compromising safety, even if the communication fails.
Five industry driven use cases cover three application domains: MedTech, Automotive and Marine. SafeCOP brings cross-domain certification practice and implementations of cooperating systems in all addressed areas. Major benefits include lower certification costs, increased trustworthiness of wireless communication, better management of increasing complexity, reduced effort for verification and validation, shorter time-to-market and increased market share.
Community values include contributions to new standards, with the scientifically validated solutions needed to craft effective standards. SafeCOP provides an approach to safety assurance of CO-CPS that enables their certification and deployment, thereby meeting requirements of decision-makers to manage risks.
The project has defined a runtime management architecture for runtime detection of abnormal behaviour, triggering quality-of-service management with respect to an adapted safety degraded mode. The technical work was performed in three work packages: “Safety assurance framework for CO-CPS"" targeting safety assurance, “Platform and tool support for safety assurance” targeting architecture and tools, and ""Safe and secure wireless cooperation"" targeting wireless communication by extending current state of the art with protocols that acts as a “safety layer” on top of existing protocols."
The project kick-off in Milan in April 2016 focused on collection of requirements and planning the interactions between the Use Cases (UCs) and Work Packages (WPs). The second iteration started with a technical workshop in Copenhagen in November 2016. A key aim was to manage the requirements. The Communications Infrastructure Team contributed to discussions on wireless communication. This contributed to the core technology of the project to be applied and evaluated by several demonstrators. The third iteration in Helsinki included two initial sessions with WP vs. UC meetings, with a focus on identifying cross-cutting issues, followed by thirty-six cross concern group meetings. One important result was the project settling the technology bricks (the concrete technical items being developed in the project), with the plan for their development. The fourth iteration started with M19 addressing the outcome and all the action items from the workshops in Helsinki. Early versions of the technology were delivered and implemented to be included in the demonstrator development. The Technology Bricks were mapped to the ontology of the project technology, also supporting the milestone measures. The fifth iteration started with the Stockholm meeting in M29. The purpose was to initiate the final integration work with key goal to integrate the final SafeCOP technology into the demonstrations. The sixth and last iteration started with the Rome meeting in M32. The main task was validation of the work and to conclude the project work related to the SafeCOP technology, together with finalization of the demonstrations and preparation of the final review.
"Key project contributions:
1 Advancement of state of the art in safety engineering, wireless communication and runtime monitoring – inspiring further research and disseminated in 68 scientific publications.
2 Demonstration of groundbreaking technologies in key industrial domains.
3 Identification of gaps between state of the art for safety analysis and what is required for development of cooperative systems.
4 Development of adequate wireless technologies to support the SafeCOP use cases.
5 Development of a reference architecture for future cooperative systems targeting how to support “safety-related cooperative functions”.
Main implications:
1 Cost reduction for development, deployment and runtime usage with specific support for certification.
2 Novel technology that has future market potential; IP products and prototypes including increased knowledge on protecting IP; and new Methods and Tools.
3 Experiences being integrated in both academic and industrial training. SafeCOP will affect the academic education with new fundamental knowledge for future technology.
The SafeCOP dissemination has included using alternative communication; YouTube, Social media, Poster Sessions & Conferences, OpenSource community, contacts with representatives of the innovation landscape in Europe, interacting with technical communities and the general public. For everyday life the project provides concrete impact by supporting and enabling deployment of smarter trustable systems. SafeCOP provides infrastructure to simplify the development. Smart Technology has a positive impact on the environment, by being a driver for lower use of resources to ensure sustainability and low emission. Environmental aspects may also be considered for the system as such. A traditional system will grow in size and thereby be oversized to be able to handle complex tasks. A SafeCOP-based system is typically smaller and optimized for its task. Instead of being oversized it collaborates with other systems to handle more complex tasks. This will further prolong the product's lifetime. SafeCOP reduces product complexity while at the same time allowing handling of increased system complexity. This will save environmental resources.
The future impact has potential importance for the EU industry and community. Here are some concrete examples:
• The “Wireless Safety & Security Layer” will be exploited in farming robotics systems together with an external partner. AgroIntelli (a Danish SME).
• Wireless safety sensors (cameras + software) to provide ""Beyond Visual Line of Sight"" capabilities for safer and more robust robot navigation. Exploited by AITEK (an Italian SME)
• Automotive safety sensors (device) a misnomer black-box for cars. Applications for insurance companies or traffic planning. Exploited by Vodafone Automotive.
• SMART Cities - Mobile-Louhi service for collecting observations of traffic and road anomalies. Louhi is a geospatial data services providing solutions to municipalities for infrastructure property and project management. Exploited by Sitowise.
• Software component for safe and robust collaborative and synchronized navigation of two robot platforms, improving potential of deploying a small USV (the Otter), which can extend the scope and reach more elusive survey location. Maritime Robotics exploit the technology with collaborating Unmanned Surface Vehicles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Bathymetry."
Photo Hospital bed co-robot
Poster UC1
Training slides safe communication - example slide
Training slides safe communication - example slide
Project coordinator
Logo on a city bakground
Training slides safe communication - example slide
Poster UC4
Poster UC2
Poster UC6
Poster UC3
Poster UC5
A group of members from the project having a workshop
Demonstrations presention
ECSEL Booklet poster