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Robots Understanding Their Actions by Imagining Their Effects

Objective

"Today's robots are good at executing programmed motions, but they do not understand their actions in the sense that they could automatically generalize them to novel situations or recover from failures. IMAGINE seeks to enable robots to understand the structure of their environment and how it is affected by its actions. ""Understanding"" here means the ability of the robot (a) to determine the applicability of an action along with parameters to achieve the desired effect, and (b) to discern to what extent an action succeeded, and to infer possible causes of failure and generate recovery actions.

The core functional element is a generative model based on an association engine and a physics simulator. ""Understanding"" is given by the robot's ability to predict the effects of its actions, before and during their execution. This allows the robot to choose actions and parameters based on their simulated performance, and to monitor their progress by comparing observed to simulated behavior.

This scientific objective is pursued in the context of recycling of electromechanical appliances. Current recycling practices do not automate disassembly, which exposes humans to hazardous materials, encourages illegal disposal, and creates significant threats to environment and health, often in third countries. IMAGINE will develop a TRL-5 prototype that can autonomously disassemble prototypical classes of devices, generate and execute disassembly actions for unseen instances of similar devices, and recover from certain failures. For robotic disassembly, IMAGINE will develop a multi-functional gripper capable of multiple types of manipulation without tool changes.

IMAGINE raises the ability level of robotic systems in core areas of the work programme, including adaptability, manipulation, perception, decisional autonomy, and cognitive ability. Since only one-third of EU e-waste is currently recovered, IMAGINE addresses an area of high economical and ecological impact.
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Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/recycling

Call for proposal

H2020-ICT-2016-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET INNSBRUCK
Address
Innrain 52
6020 Innsbruck
Austria
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 744 250

Participants (6)

GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGEN STIFTUNG OFFENTLICHEN RECHTS
Germany
EU contribution
€ 689 000
Address
Wilhelmsplatz 1
37073 Gottingen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
EU contribution
€ 667 500
Address
Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE RENNES
France
EU contribution
€ 628 550
Address
Avenue Des Buttes De Coesmes 20
35708 Rennes Cedex 7
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 500 625
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
BOGAZICI UNIVERSITESI
Turkey
EU contribution
€ 365 750
Address
Bebek
34342 Istanbul
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ELECTROCYCLING GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 201 375
Address
Landstrasse 91
38644 Goslar
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)