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AUTOmated driving Progressed by Internet Of Things

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - AUTOPILOT (AUTOmated driving Progressed by Internet Of Things)

Reporting period: 2017-01-01 to 2018-06-30

Autonomous vehicles will gradually gain significant traction in the market over the next two decades. The European industry need to capture and sustain the lead in the autonomous vehicle market by utilizing the combination of connected vehicles and the Internet-of-Things. The European Commission recently launched a study, which confirmed the importance of IoT in combination with Cloud and Big Data to boost the total economy and give innovative companies the lead in their markets.
It is very clear that connected cars and overall ITS solutions need to become horizontally integrated with IoT platforms/systems in order to benefit from self-configuration, device discovery, IoT based services, data filtering, brokering and shared semantic world models of their environment. Nowadays there is no easy way for these communities to take advantage of IoT technologies and building blocks. This is primarily due to the lack of open standardized and easy to use APIs for accessing IoT technologies, but also due to the lack of essential interoperability (at both the technical/syntactic and semantic levels) between ITS systems and IoT platforms.
The AUTOPILOT project brings together knowledge and technology from the automotive and the Internet-of-Things (IoT) value chains in order to develop IoT-architectures and platforms that will advance autonomous driving (AD) in a connected environment. AUTOPILOT is developing new automated driving services by connecting automated driving equipped vehicles over IoT. These services will ultimately enable fully autonomous driving.
AUTOPILOT was kicked off in Versailles in February 2017 with a well-attended public event, which attracted influential stakeholders as well as local media coverage.
A set of specifications were drafted in the context of IoT enabled AD: use cases, IoT Self-organizing Platform for Self-driving Vehicles, open IoT vehicle platform, the communication system as well as security and the corresponding deliverables were handed over to the European Commission.
AUTOPILOT partners developed and integrated the IoT platforms in vehicles and other devices while developing and adapting Automated Driving functions for the IoT Progressed Automated Driving uses cases. This integration phase included also Open IoT Cloud platform architectures to deliver Automated Mobility dedicated services. The AUTOPILOT open IoT service platform, a federation of several vendor-IoT platforms provided by the project partners and interconnected through an open oneM2M standard IoT platform, has been set up. To assess the readiness of the pilot sites verification procedures were developed and carried out.
AUTOPILOT has drafted the pilot test methodology to provide a global test plan for all pilot sites.Test plan specifications have been defined, for each use case at the six pilot sites, to ensure that all partners involved in pilot activities and evaluation tasks have a perfect understanding of the characteristics and activities to be performed. The test plans also includes a description of the pilot test iterations processes as well as the organisational details relating to test event planning, checklists, etc. All the different development, implementation and integration activities were reported in the relevant deliverables handed over to the European Commission during the first period.
AUTOPILOT partners have developed a common approach to evaluation based on the FESTA methodology. The technical evaluation methodology has defined requirements relating to data log formats including vehicle data, environmental detection, communication (IoT messages), application and data management logging. The methodology for the Business impact evaluation has identified the parameters for using the Cost-Benefit Analysis, SWOT, Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis tools. Furthermore, requirements for the evaluation methodologies for Quality of Life User acceptance assessment and Legal issues were finalised. All the deliverables corresponding to the specification of these evaluation requirements were handed over to the European Commission during this first period.
AUTOPLOT has conducted various activities with the objective to demonstrate the potential of IoT technologies to create new business opportunities (online engagement and workshops); foster entrepreneurship with the AUTOPILOT autonomous driving use cases (presence at conferences and tradeshows); and to actively contribute to the IoT and autonomous and connected and automated vehicles standardisation activities. During the first period, AUTOPILOT has matched the KPIs listed in the project plan and in some cases surpassed the indicative values. As part of the AUTOPILOT standardisation activities, 23 contributions were made to SDOs (ETSI and OneM2M), already exceeding the project KPIs. Among the Work Item creation proposed to the SDOs, 15 were accepted, in particular the OneM2M work item TR-0026: “Vehicular Domain Enablement”. AUTOPILOPT also contributed through AIOTI to the report: “IoT relation and impact on 5G”.
The specification and the implementation of the use cases as well as the vehicle Iot platforms have already provided evidence of the IoT impact on progressing Automated Driving thanks to a more efficient data management over the Cloud IoT platforms but also the improved driving environment perception. For all the 19 prototypes, the role of, the IoT sensor data and the possibility to use the vehicle as an IoT device has shown potential benefit in increasing the number of driving relevant data to be collected and thus to improve significantly the driving environment perception allowing to ease the implementation of high level of automation (L4).
Working on the needs to implement interoperable vehicle and cloud IoT platforms, together with heterogenic IoT sensor devices, triggered the success of defining a common data model. This common data model development has been carried out jointly with the SENSORIS platform, responsible to provide standards for the vehicle to cloud data. Relevant standards have also been presented to OneM2M. In the context of the evaluation, the FESTA methodology has been enhanced for including the IoT data.
Until the end of the project, all vehicle prototypes are expected to show significant progress in their automated driving functions, and furthermore, the access to the driving relevant data will be significantly eased for service applications over a Cloud IoT architecture based on common high layer architecture with standardised interfaces. Many service oriented application for automated vehicle will be deployed and evaluated and new business models based on IoT are expected to be facilitated by the IoT platforms (Cloud and vehicle) developed in the project. Several Business exploitation podiums will be organised at the occasion of the AUTOPILOT pilot sites as well as EU and International event like for instance the ITS congresses, to demonstrate the AUTOPMILOT concept and attract new business players.
AUTOPILOT - automated driving progressed by IoT - How does it work