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Critical Raw materials Elimination by a top-down Approach To hydrogen and Electricity generation

Critical Raw materials Elimination by a top-down Approach To hydrogen and Electricity generation

Objective

CREATE aims at developing innovative membrane electrode assemblies for low-temperature polymer-electrolyte fuel cell (FC) and electrolyzer (EL) with much reduced cost. This will be achieved via elimination or drastic reduction of critical raw materials in their catalysts, in particular platinum group metals (PGM).

Key issues with present low-temperature FC & EL are the high contents of PGM in devices based on proton-exchange-membrane (PEM) and the need for liquid electrolytes in alkaline FC and EL. To overcome this, we will shift from PEM-based cells to 1) pure anion-conducting polymer-electrolytes and 2) to bipolar-membrane polymer electrolytes. The latter comprises anion and proton conducting ionomers and a junction. Bipolar membranes allow adapting the pH at each electrode, thereby opening the door to improved performance or PGM-free catalysts. Both strategies carry the potentiality to eliminate or drastically reduce the need for PGM while maintaining the advantages of PEM-based devices.

In strategy 1, novel anion-exchange ionomers and membranes will be developed and interfaced with catalysts based on Earth-abundant metal oxides or metal-carbon composites for the oxygen reactions, and with ultralow PGM or PGM-free catalysts for the hydrogen reactions.

In strategy 2, novel bipolar membrane designs, or designs unexplored for FC & EL, will be developed and interfaced with catalysts for the oxygen reactions (high pH side of the bipolar membrane) and with catalysts for the hydrogen reactions (low pH side). The ionomers and oxygen reaction catalysts developed in strategy 1 will be equally useful for strategy 2, while identified PGM-free and ultralow-PGM catalysts will be implemented for the hydrogen reactions on the acidic side.

Polymer-electrolyte FC & EL based on those concepts will be evaluated for targeted applications, i.e. photovoltaic electricity storage, off-grid back-up power and H2 production. The targeted market is distributed small-scale systems.
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Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

Address

Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris

France

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 598 123,52

Participants (10)

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FUNDACIO PRIVADA INSTITUT CATALA D'INVESTIGACIO QUIMICA

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 350 625

AALTO KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR

Finland

EU Contribution

€ 474 588,75

FUMATECH BWT GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 512 375

TECHNION - ISRAEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Israel

EU Contribution

€ 699 423,75

ITM POWER (TRADING) LIMITED

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 374 200

EIFER EUROPAISCHES INSTITUT FUR ENERGIEFORSCHUNG EDF KIT EWIV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 365 781,25

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA TOR VERGATA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 403 750

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 451 551,25

PRETEXO

France

EU Contribution

€ 88 059,50

NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY

United States

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 721065

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 January 2017

  • End date

    30 June 2020

Funded under:

H2020-EU.2.1.3.

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 480 978,02

  • EU contribution

    € 4 318 478,02

Coordinated by:

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France