CORDIS
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Dual Function Polymer Materials for Blood Contacting Applications

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 749207

  • Start date

    18 September 2017

  • End date

    17 September 2019

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 195 454,80

  • EU contribution

    € 195 454,80

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITY OF BRIGHTON

United Kingdom

Objective

Surface-induced thrombosis and infection are two main complications which cause failure of medical devices. Device-related thrombosis is associated with activation of blood clotting and platelets adhesion and activation. Infection of the implanted devices occurred as a result of bacteria adhesion to the biomaterial surface. A genuinely biocompatible polymer for blood-contacting devices should have both antithrombotic and antibacterial functionalities as both types of complication lead to an increase in morbidity, extended hospital stay and mortality.
In order to prevent device-induced thrombosis and infection novel dual function polymer materials - thromboresistant and antimicrobial, will be produced. A novel and original approach that involves construction of multifunctional coatings, which combine formulation of the NO-generating surface with the ability to prevent bacterial adhesion, capacity to inhibit platelet adhesion and the use of surface bound argatroban drug to inhibit any surface-produced thrombin, will be applied. The polymer matrices chosen for the design of dual function materials are the most commonly used synthetic polymers polyurethane (PU) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) and the biopolymer collagen. This aim will be achieved by: i) chemical attachment of the organoselenium or copper nanoparticle catalysts to the polymer surface in order to continuously generate NO by decomposition of endogenous S-nitrosothiols; ii) immobilisation of the direct thrombin inhibitor argatroban to inhibit any thrombin in the surrounding environment. Catecholamines, polydopamine and poly(norepinephrine) will be used as the surface modification reagents, as they form very stable thin films strongly attached to the polymer surface. Owing to the chemical bonding of the ligand to the polymer surface it is expected that these materials will have long storage life and exploitation period and therefore retain their ability to generate NO from the inexhaustible endogenous NO donors.
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Coordinator

UNIVERSITY OF BRIGHTON

Address

Lewes Road Mithras House
Bn2 4at Brighton

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 195 454,80

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 749207

  • Start date

    18 September 2017

  • End date

    17 September 2019

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 195 454,80

  • EU contribution

    € 195 454,80

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITY OF BRIGHTON

United Kingdom