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Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods - Research and Implementation Support in Europe

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - SUNRISE (Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods - Research and Implementation Support in Europe)

Reporting period: 2018-11-01 to 2020-04-30

"SUNRISE addresses common mobility challenges at the neighbourhood level in six cities across Europe and the Near East. Its intention is to experiment with a radically participatory process (called co-creation) and to critically reflect upon this experience in order to draw transferable lessons for cities and neighbourhoods elsewhere. The research entails ""co-creative"" activities along the entire innovation chain: Identification of mobility problems, devising solutions to them, overseeing the implementation of measures and their evaluation, learning and knowledge transfer, and sharing. The project involves people representing different parts of society, as well as businesses, NGOs, local authorities, and academic institutions. Local activities aim to be inclusive of often under-represented groups of society such as migrants, women, older and younger people. SUNRISE will lay the foundation for a Sustainable Neighbourhood Mobility Planning concept to complement the existing Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans."
In its first 3 years, SUNRISE made the following progress towards meeting its objective to “develop, implement, assess, and facilitate co-learning about new, collaborative ways to address common urban mobility challenges at the neighbourhood level”:

Co-identification of problems & co-validation of needs (WP1):
• Each action neighbourhood (AN) established a local Co-Creation Forum as a strategic alliance of relevant stakeholders.
• Formal responsibilities were allocated to new or existing entities to coordinate the co-creation processes within each neighbourhood.
• Local mobility-related problems as perceived by residents and businesses were identified through collaborative processes in all neighbourhoods.
• SUNRISE supported and coordinated the documentation of this process and its results in the form of six Neighbourhood Mobility Dossiers.

Co-development & co-selection of solutions (WP2):
• SUNRISE produced an overview of best practice examples of participation in the fields of neighbourhood development and mobility.
• All ANs defined and tested a set of participation methods, suitable to translate people's needs into new types of mobility solutions by mobilising collective creativity.
• The local partners facilitated the co-development of measures that are appropriate to address mobility related challenges at the neighbourhood level.
• All neighbourhoods finalised a Neighbourhood Mobility Action Plan.

Co-implementation & co-creation of solutions (WP3):
• SUNRISE produced guidelines on co-implementation, a truly novel concept of implementing hands-on measures in a partnership of authorities, NGOs, businesses and residents.
• Most measures that were selected in the co-development phase have achieved formal approval by the respective political bodies.
• The implementation of concrete measures is in full swing in all six ANs, some of them have already been completed.
• Ongoing implementation activities are in their procurement or construction phase.

Co-assessment & co-evaluation (WP4):
• SUNRISE developed new processes in which assessment and evaluation are undertaken cooperatively between local SUNRISE staff and the members of the neighbourhood.
• The original Impact Assessment and Evaluation Plan was adjusted further and fine-tuned to take on board emerging insights about the nature of a co-creation project.
• In all ANs, the situation before measure implementation was documented in a MERS; this is the basis for a rigorous before-after comparison to determine the effects of all measures.

Co-learning & uptake (WP5):
• SUNRISE continued to facilitate the interaction of stakeholders in each AN and to share their experience by providing cooperation concepts and common communication tools.
• City partners communicate through various channels about the local activities to inform and mobilise the neighbourhood community about their opportunity to contribute in a genuine co-creation process.
• The project promoted the take-up of SUNRISE concepts through the creation of a community of neighbourhood mobility stakeholders with online and face-to-face interaction (=Take-Up Cities group).
• SUNRISE generated visibility of its achievements to and beyond the CIVITAS2020 community and to urban transport professionals.

Coordination & management (WP6):
• SUNRISE ensured compliance of all project activities with the DoA.
• The WP6 leader monitored the appropriateness of work, prompt and high-quality achievement of project deliverables.
• Efforts anchored in this WP ensured the effective and efficient day-to-day project management.
SUNRISE’s expected impacts are to inspire, support and inform European cities and neighbourhoods about new, neighbourhood-focussed processes towards novel types of transport innovations. SUNRISE is making significant contributions to improving knowledge on:

• New innovation processes: SUNRISE embraces the principle of co-creation, i.e. the involvement of citizens, stakeholders, and users in the identification of problems, the development of new measures and their implementation and evaluation. Especially the latter two aspects go beyond the current mainstream by applying participation to all phases of the innovation circle. Care is taken to deploy complementary approaches that ensure high participation rates and a balanced representation of views and interests.

• New organisational & governance concepts & planning processes: SUNRISE examines existing governance and planning systems and develops and tests new arrangements to inform its recommendations. SUNRISE aims to develop a new, district-level governance approach to mobility as Sustainable Neighbourhood Mobility Planning. This will include proposals for how neighbourhood processes can be given legal stability, financial support, technical assistance and on effective vertical integration (from neighbourhood to municipal to metropolitan level).

• New forms of urban mobility solutions at neighbourhood or urban district level: 50+% of the budget is reserved for the development and implementation of resident- and stakeholder-driven solutions. Innovation can have a technology component, but also low-tech innovation comes into view – specifically when SUNRISE addresses the issue of access and urban space reallocation. The SUNRISE co-creation processes aim to initiate solutions that are conducive to the involvement, ownership and maintenance of and by neighbourhood stakeholders.

• Impact assessment & evaluation: SUNRISE will assess its impacts at the neighbourhood and project levels. Of interest will be the direct effects on residents’ quality of life, on businesses and on various environmental indicators. SUNRISE will also self-critically evaluate the degree to which various participation techniques and tools managed to meaningfully involve all sections of the population and which governance strategies fostered or hindered the entire co-creation innovation.

• Implementing a strategy to create scale, visibility, co-learning & uptake: In order to broadcast information about all related processes, measures and results, SUNRISE communicates and exchanges within, between and about the ANs. The SUNRISE Take-Up Cities group has been established as a primary target group for upscaling and transfer. Group members are establishing local Co-creation Scenarios – a roadmap for the concrete application of co-creation principles to address their local mobility problems.