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BREEDing Coffee for AgroForestry Systems

BREEDing Coffee for AgroForestry Systems

Objective

Many tropical tree crops are threatened by climate change (CC), including coffee which is highly sensitive to high temperatures, droughts and diseases. 60% of coffee today is cultivated in Agroforestry Systems (AFS), which reduce dependence on external inputs and mitigate the adverse effects of CC. So far, however, breeding has developed cultivars only for open-sun cultivation. Using new Arabica coffee F1 hybrids as a case study, we will design and test coffee varieties, better adapted to AFS and CC and maintaining a robust defense system to biotic and abiotic stresses. By doing so, we will show how breeding programs can benefit both smallholder farmers by improving their incomes, increase the options for sustainability, and benefit the European industry through sustained supplies and a wider range of specialty coffees. The project will take advantage of hybrids, established in 8 countries (Portugal, France, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, French Guyana, Cameroon, El Salvador, Vietnam) under controlled conditions (temperature, light, CO2), field trials and networks of on-farm plots. GxE will be assessed through a multidisciplinary approach where genotypes will be grown in a wide range of environments and low-input management inherent to AFS. Farmers will participate in developing the farm assessment methodology and their experiences with new hybrids (profitability, social acceptance) will inform the breeding strategy. Roasters will be involved in the breeding process through evaluation of beverage quality. By combining extensive phenotyping with metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis, we will develop analytical and predictive tools for Coffee Metabolic Networks, leading to marker aided rapid selection and a new approach for breeding of perennial crops. Impacts will be ensured by innovation platforms, technology transfer for clonal propagation, promotion of direct trading between roasters and farmers, and promotion of new hybrids adapted to AFS.

Coordinator

CENTRE DE COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LEDEVELOPPEMENT - C.I.R.A.D. EPIC

Address

Rue Scheffer 42
75016 Paris

France

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 1 325 014

Participants (15)

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EUROFINS ANALYTICS FRANCE SAS

France

EU Contribution

€ 152 650

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 248 125

NOVA ID FCT - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INOVACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA FCT

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 76 875

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY

Ireland

EU Contribution

€ 346 999

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

EU Contribution

€ 523 000

ILLYCAFFE S.P.A

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 402 000

FUNDACION NICAFRANCE

Nicaragua

EU Contribution

€ 330 000

STICHTING SNV NEDERLANDSE ONTWIKKELINGSORGANISATIE

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 127 087

INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT

France

EU Contribution

€ 270 437

UNIVERSITE DE MONTPELLIER

France

EU Contribution

€ 20 000

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 135 313

RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 132 500

WORLD COFFEE RESEARCH

United States

Arizona Board of Regents

United States

INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE AGRICOLE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT

Cameroon

EU Contribution

€ 110 000

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 727934

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 June 2017

  • End date

    31 May 2021

Funded under:

H2020-EU.3.2.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 6 361 600

  • EU contribution

    € 4 200 000

Coordinated by:

CENTRE DE COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LEDEVELOPPEMENT - C.I.R.A.D. EPIC

France