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Meiotic Control of Recombination in Crops

Meiotic Control of Recombination in Crops

Objective

The increasing growth of human population and the intrinsic increase in world pollution, together with the uncertain challenge of climate change will undeniably require an internationally sustained effort to meet the global food demand. An increase of food production by at least 50% has been projected to be necessary by 2050. Thus, Food Security is one of the most important challenges for the future. Classical plant breeding has been crucial to improve our crop species from the beginning of human civilizations until now. Classical plant breeding harnesses the natural genetic variation that is generated by meiotic recombination. During meiosis, new allele combinations are obtained which could confer new improved phenotypes. Nevertheless, plant breeders are reaching the limits of this methodology. These boundaries are intrinsically shaped by the restrictions on the frequency and distribution of meiotic recombination in the different crop species. In cereals, it has been estimated that 30-50% of genes rarely (if at all) recombine, limiting the genetic variation available to use by plant breeders. The MEICOM consortium has been designed to prepare future scientists, academics, plant breeders and policy makers in how to manipulate and control meiotic recombination in different crops (brassicas, wheats, barley, tomato, maize) and to provide a sustainable assurance on Food Security for the future. MEICOM is a network of the finest European Plant Meiosis Researchers with internationally acclaimed industrial partners to gain knowledge and transfer it into our training programme and the general public.

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

Address

Edgbaston
B15 2tt Birmingham

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 273 287,88

Participants (11)

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UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 273 287,88

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 273 287,88

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE

France

EU Contribution

€ 262 875,60

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 262 875,60

UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID

Spain

EU Contribution

€ 247 872,96

UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 255 374,28

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 255 374,28

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 249 216,48

LEIBNIZ - INSTITUT FUER PFLANZENGENETIK UND KULTURPFLANZENFORSCHUNG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 249 216,48

UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 249 216,48

UNIVERSITAT WIEN

Austria

EU Contribution

€ 255 934,08

Partners (7)

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KWS UK Ltd

SESVanderHave

Meiogenix

NIAB Innovation Farm

Nikon Instruments UK

BIOVEGEN

BAYER CROPSCIENCE NV

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 765212

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 January 2018

  • End date

    31 December 2021

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 107 819,88

  • EU contribution

    € 3 107 819,88

Coordinated by:

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

United Kingdom