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Meiotic Control of Recombination in Crops

Objective

The increasing growth of human population and the intrinsic increase in world pollution, together with the uncertain challenge of climate change will undeniably require an internationally sustained effort to meet the global food demand. An increase of food production by at least 50% has been projected to be necessary by 2050. Thus, Food Security is one of the most important challenges for the future. Classical plant breeding has been crucial to improve our crop species from the beginning of human civilizations until now. Classical plant breeding harnesses the natural genetic variation that is generated by meiotic recombination. During meiosis, new allele combinations are obtained which could confer new improved phenotypes. Nevertheless, plant breeders are reaching the limits of this methodology. These boundaries are intrinsically shaped by the restrictions on the frequency and distribution of meiotic recombination in the different crop species. In cereals, it has been estimated that 30-50% of genes rarely (if at all) recombine, limiting the genetic variation available to use by plant breeders. The MEICOM consortium has been designed to prepare future scientists, academics, plant breeders and policy makers in how to manipulate and control meiotic recombination in different crops (brassicas, wheats, barley, tomato, maize) and to provide a sustainable assurance on Food Security for the future. MEICOM is a network of the finest European Plant Meiosis Researchers with internationally acclaimed industrial partners to gain knowledge and transfer it into our training programme and the general public.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/heredity
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/agronomy/plant breeding
  • /engineering and technology/other engineering and technologies/food and beverages/food safety

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-ITN-2017
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-ITN-ETN - European Training Networks

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 273 287,88

Participants (11)

UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 273 287,88
Address
University Road
LE1 7RH Leicester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 273 287,88
Address
Trinity Lane The Old Schools
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 262 875,60
Address
147 Rue De L'universite
75007 Paris Cedex 07
Activity type
Research Organisations
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 262 875,60
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID
Spain
EU contribution
€ 247 872,96
Address
Avenida De Seneca 2
28040 Madrid
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 255 374,28
Address
Spui 21
1012WX Amsterdam
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 255 374,28
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
EU contribution
€ 249 216,48
Address
Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
LEIBNIZ - INSTITUT FUER PFLANZENGENETIK UND KULTURPFLANZENFORSCHUNG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 249 216,48
Address
Correnstrasse 3
06466 Seeland Ot Gatersleben
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 249 216,48
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Austria
EU contribution
€ 255 934,08
Address
Universitatsring 1
1010 Wien
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

Partners (7)

KWS UK Ltd
United Kingdom
Address

Thriplow
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
SESVANDERHAVE
Belgium
Address
Industriepark,15,
3300 Tienen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Meiogenix
France
Address

Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
NIAB Innovation Farm
United Kingdom
Address

Cambridge
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Nikon Instruments UK
United Kingdom
Address

Kingston Upon Thames
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
BIOVEGEN
Spain
Address

Madrid
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
BAYER CROPSCIENCE NV
Belgium
Address
J.e. Mommaertslaan 14
1831 Diegem Machelen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)