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Space CARBon Observatory

Objective

In October 2015, a group of scientific and technical experts released a report to help the Commission implement a strategy “Towards a European operational observing system to monitor fossil CO2 emissions” [Ciais et al.]. Along the lines of the recommendations of this report, the SCARBO project is tackling the challenge of anthropogenic GHG monitoring by investigating a new concept based on innovative technologies. The project, coordinated by Airbus Defence and Space, is handled by a consortium of 10 European organisations, including scientific institutes, SMEs and industry.
From the technological development of a miniaturised static spectrometer to an innovative mission concept based on a constellation of small satellites for the future operational GHG monitoring system, SCARBO will offer unprecedented measurement repetitiveness over the entire globe for the price of two mid-sized satellites.
The challenge of the project is to remove the technological and economic roadblocks and solve the difficulties of current GHG missions (uncertainties due to aerosols, provision of both high accuracy measurements and high temporal frequency of measurements within a reasonable cost envelope).
SCARBO consists in the detailed design, analysis and modelling of the miniaturised NanoCarb CO2 instrument concept, based on user need requirements and supported by performance simulations of the science data retrieval chain. NanoCarb is complemented by collocated ultra-compact aerosol sensor and CO2 reference instruments in order to deliver high accuracy measurements. The overall measurement concept is experimentally validated through a dedicated airborne campaign featuring instrument prototypes. The adequacy of the proposed concept is further assessed through the analysis of CO2/CH4 related real-life use cases.
SCARBO will pave the way for Europe to trace anthropogenic CO2 and CH4 emissions with both a high accuracy and an unprecedented temporal resolution, at an affordable cost.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/astronomy/planetary science/satellites

Call for proposal

H2020-COMPET-2017
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
Address
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex
France
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 451 722,50

Participants (9)

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE NETHERLANDS BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 101 138,75
Address
Mendelweg 30
2333 CS Leiden
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 24 143,75
Address
Willy-messerschmitt-strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITE GRENOBLE ALPES
France
EU contribution
€ 444 845
Address
621 Avenue Centrale
38058 Grenoble
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 391 260
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
NOVELTIS SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 396 250
Address
Rue Du Lac 153
31670 Labege
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES
France
EU contribution
€ 399 992,50
Address
Chemin De La Huniere
91120 Palaiseau
Activity type
Research Organisations
SPACETEC PARTNERS SRL
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 130 000
Address
Avenue Louise 66
1050 Bruxelles
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
STICHTING NEDERLANDSE WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK INSTITUTEN
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 324 783,75
Address
Winthontlaan 2
3526 KV Utrecht
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 258 486,25
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments