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Space CARBon Observatory

Objective

In October 2015, a group of scientific and technical experts released a report to help the Commission implement a strategy “Towards a European operational observing system to monitor fossil CO2 emissions” [Ciais et al.]. Along the lines of the recommendations of this report, the SCARBO project is tackling the challenge of anthropogenic GHG monitoring by investigating a new concept based on innovative technologies. The project, coordinated by Airbus Defence and Space, is handled by a consortium of 10 European organisations, including scientific institutes, SMEs and industry.
From the technological development of a miniaturised static spectrometer to an innovative mission concept based on a constellation of small satellites for the future operational GHG monitoring system, SCARBO will offer unprecedented measurement repetitiveness over the entire globe for the price of two mid-sized satellites.
The challenge of the project is to remove the technological and economic roadblocks and solve the difficulties of current GHG missions (uncertainties due to aerosols, provision of both high accuracy measurements and high temporal frequency of measurements within a reasonable cost envelope).
SCARBO consists in the detailed design, analysis and modelling of the miniaturised NanoCarb CO2 instrument concept, based on user need requirements and supported by performance simulations of the science data retrieval chain. NanoCarb is complemented by collocated ultra-compact aerosol sensor and CO2 reference instruments in order to deliver high accuracy measurements. The overall measurement concept is experimentally validated through a dedicated airborne campaign featuring instrument prototypes. The adequacy of the proposed concept is further assessed through the analysis of CO2/CH4 related real-life use cases.
SCARBO will pave the way for Europe to trace anthropogenic CO2 and CH4 emissions with both a high accuracy and an unprecedented temporal resolution, at an affordable cost.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS

Address

31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex

France

Activity type

Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)

EU Contribution

€ 711 722,50

Participants (10)

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AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE NETHERLANDS BV

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 101 138,75

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 24 143,75

UNIVERSITE GRENOBLE ALPES

France

EU Contribution

€ 444 845

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS

France

EU Contribution

€ 156 260

NOVELTIS SAS

France

EU Contribution

€ 396 250

OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES

France

EU Contribution

€ 374 992,50

SPACETEC PARTNERS SPRL

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 130 000

STICHTING SRON NETHERLANDS INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH

Netherlands

STICHTING NEDERLANDSE WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK INSTITUTEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 324 783,75

UNIVERSITAET BREMEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 258 486,25

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 769032

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 December 2017

  • End date

    30 November 2020

Funded under:

H2020-EU.2.1.6.1.

H2020-EU.2.1.6.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 2 922 622,50

  • EU contribution

    € 2 922 622,50

Coordinated by:

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS

France