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Reporting period: 2018-10-01 to 2020-03-31

STARDUST serves as smart connector bringing together advanced European cities and citizens of Pamplona (ES), Tampere (FI) and Trento (IT) - with the associated follower cities of Cluj-Napola (RU), Derry (UK), Kozani (GR) and Litomerice (CZ).

The objective of STARDUST project is to pave the way towards low carbon, high efficient, intelligent and citizen oriented cities, fully aligned with the Clean Energy for All Europeans strategy, by developing urban solutions and innovative business models, integrating the domains of buildings, mobility and efficient energy through ICT. The aim is to test and validate these solutions, enabling their fast roll out in the market. The STARDUST project will demonstrate that the smart integration of these actions, together with other accompanying non-technological measures can provide a platform for citizens and community engagement.

The STARDUST cities will be a living lab to design and validate a replicable model of Smart Cities, able to tackle all social, economic and environmental key aspects in an intelligent integrated way, by using novel ICT tools as sewing thread. The main targets of STARDUST project are:
• Target 1. To create several “innovation islands” as urban incubators where to demonstrate scalable, cost-effective and bankable urban scale solutions to significantly increase the energy efficiency in the STARDUST cities
• Target 2. To create smart ecosystems implementing a new economic paradigm in the European cities, based on eco-innovation, competitiveness, low carbon, circular economy, and the creation of new markets, modernising the obsolete economic approach based in a massive use of fossil fuels and high energy intensity
• Target 3. To create and deploy open city information platforms, an ICT infrastructure that overarches all project aspects (building, energy and transport) and engages lighthouse and follower cities, and a key enabler to implement the social innovation strategy, business ecosystem and behavioural changes goals foreseen in the project
• Target 4. To organise and foster the transfer of lighthouse cities solutions to the four follower cities, and to support the deployment of Replication Plans in each follower city as references for future European standards of Smart Cities
• WP1 has contributed to define the requirements of the City Platforms, the energy strategies and the environmental, energy, mobility and ICT KPIs, .
• WP2: Pamplona is starting the monitoring for eBuses with fast-charging, PV plug & play roof on police building, heat pump at water station), while other actions are close to be implemented (City Platform, City App, District Heating, smart grid at building, Smart Lighting). Other actions are also on the right track (HEMS & BEMS, PV plug & play roof for passivhaus building, low-carbon ICT and taxi solar charging). Pamplona has progressed in the regulatory aspects, business models and the local ecosystem.
• WP3: in Tampere city, the works on the Härmälänranta and Ilokkaanpuisto housing zones have started. The low-carbon ICT centre HVT30 or the non-residential building with Talotohtory system are already collecting data. The City Platform is in place, the GLOSA (green-light optimization) system is in use, and the eBuses have been monitored. The pilot has progressed in the regulatory aspects, business models and the local ecosystem
• WP4: Trento pilot have completed the designs of retrofit of Madonna Bianca towers, similarly to the geothermal district-heating. The feasibility study for the last mile logistics hub has been finalized, and also the study on NEMS. eVehicles for the municipality have been acquired and the City Platform dashboards are defined. The pilot has progressed in the regulatory aspects, business models and the local ecosystem
• WP5: The second round of Capacity Workshops has already started. WP5 focused on adapting the replication plans for each follower city according to different local need, and it has started drafting business plans for follower cities.
• WP6 has worked on the implementation of the monitoring infrastructure, protocols and data management plan. It has assessed the baselines for demonstrations.
• WP7 has activated the smart innovation ecosystems in the lighthouse cities and the Entrepeneurial Discovery Processes. WP7 has proceeded with the validation of the BMs of the pilots interventions; finally, the exploitation opportunities for the R&D results of non-industrial partners have been assessed.
• WP8 has worked on the development of local Dissemination plans. Seven web videos featuring STARDUST’s cities are published and the project has generated rich editorial production, with strong activity on social media. The project is working on the STARDUST Smart City Academy and with the organisation of an integration workshop open to all SCC projects.
• WP9: the project management has worked on the coordination of the project activities to guarantee the effective operation.
• Deep energy rehabilitation approach taking nZEB as reference;
• Energy performance active metering, monitoring and demand side management by setting-up set up an online monitoring and data management concept
• Co-benefits from smart district and buildings development by using the Smart and Sustainable District Energy Project concept (SSEDP)
• Overcoming the barriers to the implementation of smart district and buildings by finding solutions to strengthen business planning for PPP

• High efficiency district heating and cooling systems. STARDUST approach beyond SoA will involve the integration of CHP district heating; renewable energy integration on high-efficient district heating & cooling, biomass, geothermal, biofuels; Free-cooling from lake; o Heat waste recovery: heat recovery from industry to supply district heating; demand response/big data control: DH&C management; large scale for residential sector; policy instruments and financial models: in order to overcoming administrative and financial barriers to promote high efficiency large scale district heating and cooling.
• Smart grids for: Integration of electricity, second life batteries, new energy management strategies in combined systems, definition of clear value propositions for this new “prosumer” role of hybrid smart grids.
• Heat pumps for: Integration of GSHP and heat storage, Energy exchange through heat pump technology, Waste heat recovery from data center and Cool recovery at low temperature.
• Smart lighting with: Novel high-efficient technology; ITCs integration (street lamps are connected with each other (MESH) and to the network); integration of renewable energy for public lighting.
• Last Mile transportation solutions
• Cost efficient E-Vehicle charging technology
• New incentives for e-vehicles
• Vehicle-to-grid

• Low-carbon ICT systems will: promote server operation efficiency; build Low Carbon Cooling Systems for data centres and exploit the heat generated through the integration of ICT infrastructures with processes that utilize the heat without sacrificing ICT performance; adopt a ‘Low Carbon-by-Design’ approach, gaining sustainable advantages in re-designing data centre facilities in pilot cities.
• Smart city ICT platforms to: provide a space for multi-stakeholders/users collaboration
• Open data, open services and open APIs
• Citizen participation: City apps and e-Participation tools
Example of Tampere Pilot sub-action in Buildings (HEM, BEM, Solar PV)