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CO2 Human Emissions

CO2 Human Emissions

Objective

The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project will coordinate efforts towards developing a European monitoring capacity for anthropogenic CO2 emissions. This challenging target is aligned with the European Commission’s stepwise approach for a requirement-driven integration of Earth observations, from remote sensing and in situ, with enhanced modelling capabilities for CO2 fossil fuel emissions, along with other natural and anthropogenic CO2 emissions and transport. The project will pursue a consolidated methodology for integrating the monitoring system components, as well as innovation for estimating fossil fuel CO2 fluxes. These include reconciling bottom-up and top-down constraints and handling systematic errors of satellite sensors. Earth observations from satellites will be combined with in situ CO2 observations and information from co-emitters or isotopes to support the attribution of fossil fuel emissions and uncertainty reduction. Methodological advances will include a representation of anthropogenic CO2 variability in space and time, responding to documented shortcomings and needs, and a carbon cycle data assimilation system extended to enable estimates of emission uncertainties. Strategies to separate anthropogenic CO2 emissions from biogenic fluxes at country to global scales using observations and models will be documented. CHE will support a large community by providing a library of realistic CO2 simulations from global to city scale to examine the capacity for monitoring future fossil fuel emissions and to adequately dimension space mission requirements. Community building will include direct collaboration across 22 European institutions, and communication and liaison with key European and international stakeholders. These coordination efforts will ensure the transfer of science and technology requirements and recommendations for strengthening existing assets with a view to developing an anthropogenic CO2 monitoring service.

Coordinator

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS

Address

Shinfield Park
Rg2 9ax Reading

United Kingdom

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 282 576,25

Participants (22)

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AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS

France

EU Contribution

€ 24 981,25

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 24 993,75

FONDAZIONE CENTRO EURO-MEDITERRANEOSUI CAMBIAMENTI CLIMATICI

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 49 917,50

EIDGENOSSISCHE MATERIALPRUFUNGS- UND FORSCHUNGSANSTALT

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

THE EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR THE EXPLOITATION OF METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

KAMINSKI THOMAS HERBERT

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Belgium

EU Contribution

€ 83 776,25

KONINKLIJK NEDERLANDS METEOROLOGISCH INSTITUUT-KNMI

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France

EU Contribution

€ 300 000

LUNDS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING STIFTELSE

Norway

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

SPASCIA

France

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

STICHTING SRON NETHERLANDS INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH

Netherlands

STICHTING NEDERLANDSE WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK INSTITUTEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

THALES ALENIA SPACE FRANCE

France

EU Contribution

€ 48 945

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

UNIVERSITAET BREMEN

Germany

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

United Kingdom

EU Contribution

€ 50 000

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 250 000

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 776186

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 October 2017

  • End date

    31 December 2020

Funded under:

H2020-EU.2.1.6.3.

  • Overall budget:

    € 3 765 190

  • EU contribution

    € 3 765 190

Coordinated by:

EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS

United Kingdom