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Ghosts from the past: Consequences of Adolescent Peer Experiences across social contexts and generations

Ghosts from the past: Consequences of Adolescent Peer Experiences across social contexts and generations

Objective

Positive peer experiences are crucial for young people’s health and wellbeing. Accordingly, multiple studies (including my own) have described long-term negative psychological and behavioral consequences when adolescents’ peer relationships are dysfunctional. Paradoxically, knowledge on adult social consequences of adolescent peer experiences –relationships with others a decade later - is much less extensive. Informed by social learning and attachment theory, I tackle this gap and investigate whether and how peer experiences are transmitted to other social contexts, and intergenerationally, i.e., passed on to the next generation. My aim is to shed light on how the “ghosts from peer past” affect young adults’ relationships and their children. To this end, I examine longitudinal links between adolescent peer and young adult close relationships and test whether parents’ peer experiences affect offspring’s peer experiences. Psychological functioning, parenting, temperament, genetic, and epigenetic transmission mechanisms are examined separately and in interplay, which 1) goes far beyond the current state-of-the-art in social development research, and 2) significantly broadens my biosocially oriented work on genetic effects in the peer context. My plans utilize data from the TRAILS (Tracking Adolescents’ Individual Lives’ Survey) cohort that has been followed from age 11 to 26. To study intergenerational transmission, the TRAILS NEXT sample of participants with children is substantially extended. This project uniquely studies adult social consequences of peer experiences and, at the same time, follows children’s first steps into the peer world. The intergenerational approach and provision for environmental, genetic, and epigenetic mediation put this project at the forefront of developmental research and equip it with the potential to generate the knowledge needed to chase away the ghosts from the peer past.
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Host institution

RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN

Address

Broerstraat 5
9712cp Groningen

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 103 295

Beneficiaries (2)

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RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 1 103 295

ACADEMISCH ZIEKENHUIS GRONINGEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 361 551,25

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 757364

Status

Ongoing project

  • Start date

    1 February 2018

  • End date

    31 January 2023

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 464 846,25

  • EU contribution

    € 1 464 846,25

Hosted by:

RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN

Netherlands